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Ch. 13 Review #2

The Spread of Communism

QuestionAnswer
The ______________ was the nickname given to the leaders who met at Yalta.
_______________ was divided into four zones occupied by the U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
This world peacekeeping organization was set in 1945 by 50 nations and included the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
___________________ is the nickname given to the U.S. and the Soviet Union, referring to their status as the strongest economic and military powers in the world after WWII.
Soviet leader _________________________ was the first to introduce 5-year economic plans aimed at increasing heavy industry and farm production in his country.
_____________________________ gave the famous “iron curtain” speech in which he described the division between Eastern and Western Europe during the Cold War.
President ___________________________ adopted a foreign policy called “containment” which aimed at preventing the spread of communism.
The _______________________________ was a $12.5 billion plan that helped rebuild the war-torn economies of western Europe and reduced the appeal of communism.
The _____________________________ was an operation in which the U.S. and Britain sent tons of supplies to West Berlin in response to the Soviet blockade of the city.
________________was a military alliance originally consisting of ten Western European nations and the U.S. and Canada.
The ________________________ was a military alliance consisting of the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellite nations.
_________________________ was a foreign policy developed by Eisenhower’s Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that stated that the U.S. was willing to go to the edge of war if threatened by the Soviets.
___________________ was the first unmanned satellite in space-launched by the Soviets.
The __________________________describes the event in which the Soviets shot down a U.S. spy plane operated by Francis Gary Powers.
The ___________________ and the ____________________ fought for control of China in the 1930s.
_____________________ was the leader of the Communists in China’s civil war.
_____________________ led the Nationalists in China’s civil war.
Communists enjoyed the backing of the ___________________ to whom they had promised land.
Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists were forced to flee to __________________ after losing the civil war.
The ______________ aided the Nationalists during the Chinese civil war and the ______________________ aided the Communists during the Chinese civil war.
_______________ was divided at the 38th parallel into a Communist north supported by the Soviets and a democratic south supported by the Americans.
The ______________________________ was the name of Mao’s economic program that emphasized heavy industry and great farm production.
___________________ were giant collective farms that peasants were forced to join after Mao ended all private ownership of farm land.
The _______________________ was Mao’s revolution that urged young people to rebel against the Four Olds.
The______________________ were groups of young people who terrorized teachers, workers, and peasants.
Korea was a former colony of ________________ until WWII.
The U.S. and other nations authorized by the ______________________ sent troops to aid South Korea.
General____________________________ led the UN forces in Korea.
MacArthur wanted to nuclear bomb ___________.
President ________________________ fired MacArthur for publicly criticizing his policies in Korea.
The ___________________ was an agreement that ceased the fighting in Korea in July 1953.
___________________ became the leader of North Korea after the war.
________________________ became the leader of North Korea in 1994 upon the death of his father.
______________ was the European country that controlled Vietnam until it was driven out in the 1950s.
Vietnamese nationalist _______________________ set up a communist government in North Vietnam.
The __________________________ was the American belief that if one country fell to communism then others would fall like dominoes.
Vietnam became divided at the _____ parallel.
South Vietnam created a noncommunist government led by ___________________.
The war in Vietnam began with a few thousand troops sent by JFK and then escalated under President ___________________.
President ______________ eventually withdrew the U.S. from the Vietnam conflict.
______________________ was a plan that called for a gradual pull out of U.S. troops to be replaced with South Vietnamese troops.
_________________ was the capital city of South Vietnam before it was taken over by the Communists and renamed Ho Chi Minh City.
The ___________________ were Cambodian rebels who set up a brutal Communist government that killed over 2 million people.
The ____________________ is a term that refers to nations nonaligned with either superpower.
______________________ was a democratically elected leader of Chile who was toppled by the CIA in 1973.
___________________________was a brutal dictator who led Chile and was supported by the United States.
_________________________was an unpopular dictator of Cuba supported by the United States in the 1950s
________________________ has been the Communist dictator of Cuba since 1959.
The _________________________was a failed attempt by the U.S. to overthrow Castro in Cuba.
The ___________________________ ended when Khrushchev agreed to remove missiles from Cuba in exchange for the U.S. promise not to invade Cuba.
The U.S. supported Nicaraguan dictator __________________________________ and his family since 1933.
__________________________ was the leader of the Communist Sandinistas who overthrew Somoza in 1979.
____________________________________was the shah of Iran that the U.S. restored to power after nationalists took control in 1953.
________________________________ was the radical ayatollah who took Americans hostage for 444 days.
The Soviet Union invaded __________________________ in 1979 and fought an unsuccessful 10 year war.
____________________________ was the leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin until he was replaced in 1964.
The Soviet Union responded to a reform movement in __________________________ in 1968 by sending in tanks and halting Prague Spring.
The _____________________________ was a policy stated that the Soviet Union had the right to prevent its satellite nations from rejecting Communism.
The Soviet Union’s relationship with the fellow Communist country of __________soured over border disputes and the inability of the Soviet Union to control their Communist neighbor
__________________ was a policy followed by Richard Nixon that aimed to lower, or ease, tensions between the two superpowers.
Nixon was the first president to visit _____________ and _______________________.
______________ was an agreement between Brezhnev and Nixon to limit the number of nuclear missiles each nation could have.
______________________ was a fierce anti-Communist who led the United States from 1981-1989.
____________was a defense system against nuclear missiles known as Star Wars started by Reagan.
Tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union thawed once again when _____________________ became the leader of the Soviet Union in 1985.
Created by: david.frost