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The different types of collective farms.
|What was the priority of all the different types of collective farms?||All had to fulfil their qoutas of grain to state. State farm would receive an order every year and they had fulfil it.|
|Toz||Peasants own land, share machinery and cooperate in activities (harvesting/sowing). More common before 1930. They rarely worked together.|
|Sovkhoz||Was the ideal socialist solution. Owned and run by the State, peasants paid a regular wage (like factory workers). Controlled by central government.|
|Kolkhoz||Was the ideal communist solution. Land held in common and run by an elected committee. 50-100 households. All land, tools + livestock pooled together. Each family allowed to keep one private plot. No wage. They'd get a share of the profits at end of year.|
|What would all collectives have?||Machine Tractor Stations. Private Plots. Food Processing Plants Communal buildings e.g. schools and libraries.|