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(Willis) Unification, Reform, Imperialism

A conflict over religion and territory and for power among European ruling families. Thirty Years' War
She was heir to the Austrian throne. Her main enemy was Prussia. Maria Theresa
He was the monarch of Prussia who enforced his father's military policies, encouraged religious toleration, and legal reform. Frederick the Great
In 1756, Prussia attacked Austria's ally drawing every great European power into war. Fought in Europe, India, and North America. The war lasted until 1763. Seven Years' War
The monarch of Russia that came to the throne in 1533 when he was only three years old. Ivan the Terrible
Russia's landowning nobles. Boyars
This monarch was one of Russia's greatest reformers. He also increased the power of the czar. Peter the Great
The title for the king of Russia, meaning "Ceasar." Czar
Using western Europe as a model for change. Westernization
A Protestant revolt against the Catholic Hapsburg rulers in 1618 that resulted in the Thirty Years' War. Bohemian Protestants Revolt
This ended the Thirty Years' War and weakened the Hapsburgs while stregthening France. Peace of Westphalia
Peasants who are legaly bound to the land. Serfs
Pride in one's country. Nationalism
He was a nationalist leader who founded young Italy. Guiseppe Mazzini
He was the monarch of Sardinia who wanted to unify Italy to increase his own power. Victor Emmanuel II
He was made prime minister in 1852 and his main goal was to drive Austria out of Italy and to unite Italy. Count Camillo Cavour
A state of disorder due to the absence of a government system. Anarchy
In southern Italy, he led a volunteer force of 1,000 "Red Shirts." Giuseppe Garibaldi
People who move from their homeland. Emigrate
The unique government system where two separate kingdoms are ruled by the same monarch. Dual Monarchy
The 18-year old that inherited the Hapsburg throne in 1848. Francis Joseph
The person who came up with the idea of a dual monarchy. Ferenc Deak
The nation that was formed as a result of the dual monarchy. Austria-Hungary
European powers viewed the Ottoman empire as the Sick man of Europe
Meaning huge. Colossus
The name for the rulers of Russia. Tsar
When Alexander freed the serfs, he gave them ______. emancipation
Local government in Russia. Zemstvos
Violent mob attacks on Jews in Russia. Pogroms
The event in Russian history that led the Russian people to lose faith in the Tsar. Bloody Sunday
National government system in Russia. Duma
To extend a nation's boundaries. Expansionism
The idea that the U.S. was destined to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Manifest Destiny
The largest addition of land added to the U.S. in 1803. Louisiana Purchase
To withdraw formally from a federal union. Secede
To enforce separation of different ethnic groups. Segregation
The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. Imperialism
He was a well known missionary in Africa. He crisscrossed East Africa for 30 years. Dr. David Livingstone
An American journalist who trekked across Africa to "find" Dr. Livingstone. Henry Stanley
The Belgium king who sought fortune in the Congo river basin. King Leopold II
This kingdom in Africa was successful in resisting European rule. Ethiopia
A Hindu custom requiring a wife to throw herself on her husband’s funeral fire. Sati
Indian soldiers serving the East India Company. Sepoys
A representative of the queen who governed India in her name. Viceroy
The isolation of women in separate quarters. Purdah
The difference between how much a country imports and how much it exports. Balance of trade
When a country exports more than it imports. Trade surplus
When is country imports more than exports. Trade deficit
Payment for losses in a war. Indemnity
The British subjects in China had the right to live under their own British laws and be tried in British courts. Extraterritoriality
Suffering peasants rebelled against the Qing Dynasty between 1850 and 1864. Taiping Rebellion
A policy to keep Chinese trade open to everyone on an equal basis. Open Door Policy
A secret society that launched an attempt to drive Europeans out of China. The Righteous Harmonious Fists
Emperor of Japan that wanted to restore power and moved the capital to Edo. Emperor Mutsuhito
Emperor Mutsuhito's goal to make Japan a rich country with a strong military. Meiji Restoration
This supervised finance, education, and military in Japanese government. Diet
Wealthy business families in Japan. Zaibatsu
To take over land. Annex
Competition between China and Japan for control of Korea resulted in this war. First Sino-Japanese War
Japan challenged its economic rival Russia in this war, ending in 1905 with a Japanese victory. Russo-Japanese War
The king of Siam (Thailand) who studied and used his knowledge to negotiate with Western powers. Mongkut
This war broke out in 1898, the result was it ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and the United States annexed territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. Spanish-American War
America took control of this country as a result of conflict with Spain. Philippines
In 1878, America signed an unequal treaty with this nations and gained a naval station there. Samoa
In these islands, American planters overthrew the queen, Liliuokalani, and made this area the United State's 50th state. Hawaii
Created by: chadmw