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Industrial Revolutio

(Willis) Industrial Revolution

The process by which production shifted from simple hand tools to complex machinery. Industrial Revolution
The money needed to start a new business. Capital
Someone who wants to start a business. Entrepreneurs
Businesses such as shipping, mining, and manufacturing can be called Enterprises
This was the cottage industry. Where raw cotton was distributed to peasant families, who turned the raw material into a finished manufactured good. Putting-out System
The movement of people from rural areas to cities. Urbanization
Crowded, multistory buildings divided into apartments. Tenements
The term for when women had to work in the factories then had to go home and provide for her children and husband. Double burden
This social class included inventors, investors, merchants, and skilled artisans. Middle Class
This was the heart of the industrial city. Factory
The economic approach that businesses should operate without any government interference. Laissez-faire
The most famous laissez-faire thinker who wrote the Wealth of Nations in 1776. Adam Smith
The economist who carefully studied the impact of the population explosion in 18th century England. Thomas Malthus
The idea that the goal of society should be the "greatest happiness for the greatest number of citizens." Utilitarianism
The economic idea that people as a whole should own and operate the means of production for the general good. Socialism
The economic ideas that would eliminate the social classes leading to a classless society. Communism
The author of The Communist Manifesto who first created the ideas of Communism. Karl Marx
The term Karl Marx used to refer to the working class. Proletariat
This country in Europe was the second country to industrialize.. Belgium
He patented a new process for making steel, making it cheaper and stronger. Henry Bessemer
He invented dynamite. Alfred Nobel
This machine invented by Michael Faraday generated electricity. Dynamo
He invented the electric light bulb. Thomas Edison
Workers added parts to a product as it moved along a belt through the factory. Assembly line
Identical components that could be used in place of one another. Interchangeable part
Shares in a company. Stock
Another word for money. Capital
Buisnesses that are owned by many investors who buy shares of stock. Corporations
When a group of corporations join forces and fix prices, set production quotas, or control markets. Cartel
Exclusive control of an industry. Monopoly
He proved the germ thoery. Louis Pasteur
This showed that microbes caused specific illnesses. Germ Theory
He identified the major cause of tuberculosis. Robert Koch
She imporved hospital conditions, drastically reducing deaths from infection. Florence Nightingale
The process of fixing up the poor areas of a city. Urban renewal
A self-help group to aid sick or injured workers. Mutual-aid socieites
He discovered how antiseptics prevented infection. Joseph Lister
The measure of the quiality and availability of necessities and comforts in a society. Standard of living
This idea emerged and encouraged women to stay home. Cult of domesticity
Women were supporters of this movement which banned the sale and consumption of alcohol. Temperance movement
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Sojourner Truth were all leaders of this movement in the United States, which would allow women to vote. Women's suffrage
In his book, On the Origin of Species, this scientist explained how species could evolve through natural selection. Charles Darwin
Applying the ideas of natural selection to beliefs about society. Social Darwinism
An English novelist who vividly portrayed the lives of slum dwellers and factory workers. Charles Dickens
An artistic style that emphasized imagination, freedom, and emotions. Romanticism
An artistic style that represents the world as it is. Realism
Created by: chadmw