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medical flash cards

prefix,sufix,combining

QuestionAnswer
-megaly enlargement
somo(o),somni sleep
macr(o) large; long
mega(o), megal(o) large; million
melan(o) black; dark
mes(o) middle; median
ichthy(o) dry; scaly; fish
iatr(o) physician; treatment
hypo- below normal
hyper- above normal; overly
hypn(o) sleep
andro masculine
micr(o) small; one-millionth; tiny
morph(o) structure; shape
-malacia softening
narco sleep; numbness
necr(o) death; dying
noct(i) night
nucle(o) nucleus
orth(o) straight; normal
pachy thick
pharmaco drugs; medicine
hydr(o) hydrogen, water
phago eating; devouring; swallowing
path(o) disease
-emia blood
normo normal
xanth(o) yellow
tropho food; nutrition
sono sound
oxy sharp; acute; oxygen
micr(o)- small, microscopic
mes(o)- middle, median
meg(a)-, megal(o)- large
mal- bad; inadequate
cyan(o) blue
contra- against
co-, col-, com-, con-, cor- together
circum- around
chyl(o) chyle, a digestive juice
latero lateral, to one side
lact(o), lacti milk
kinesi(o), kineso motion
ket(o), keton(o) ketone; acetone
immun(o) safe, immune
eu- well, good, normal
ergo work
oxy sharp; acute; oxygen
micr(o)- small, microscopic
mes(o)- middle, median
meg(a)-, megal(o)- large
mal- bad; inadequate
cyan(o) blue
contra- against
co-, col-, com-, con-, cor- together
circum- around
chyl(o) chyle, a digestive juice
latero lateral, to one side
lact(o), lacti milk
kinesi(o), kineso motion
ket(o), keton(o) ketone; acetone
immun(o) safe, immune
eu- well, good, normal
ergo work
elctr(o) electricity; electric
ect(o)- outside
echo reflected sound
dors(o), dorsi back
dys- abnormal; difficult
ambi- both, around
ana- up, toward
an- without
cycl(o) circle; cycle; ciliary body
inter- between
scler(o) hardness; hardening
scolio crooked; bent
calc(o), calci(o) calcium
lith(o) stone
lip(o) fat
-pathy disease
cyst(o), cysti bladder, cyst, cystic duct
fibr(o) fiber
gyn(o), gyne, gyneco women
fluor(o) light; luminous; flourine
fungi fungus
hemi- helf
galact(o) milk
gero(o), geronto(o) old age
gluco glucose
granulo granular
calc(o), calci(o) calcium
lith(o) stone
lip(o) fat
-pathy disease
cyst(o), cysti bladder, cyst, cystic duct
fibr(o) fiber
gyn(o), gyne, gyneco women
fluor(o) light; luminous; flourine
fungi fungus
hemi- helf
galact(o) milk
gero(o), geronto(o) old age
gluco glucose
granulo granular
-blast immature, forming
extra- without, outside of
cata- down
schiz(o) split; division
athero plaque; fatty substance
super- more than. above, superior
bi- twice, double
ante- before
exo- external, on the outside
somat(o) body
anti- against
carcin(o) cancer
brachy- short
-derma skin
-dynia pain
brady- slow
phon(o) sound; voice; speech
pseud(o) false
-phrenia of the mind
pyo pus
pyro fever; fire; heat
-oma (pl.-omata) tumor, neoplasm
dips(o) thrist
bas(o), basi(0) base
-somnia sleep
schisto split
spiro(o) breath; breathe
pluri several; more
-stomy opening
-stenosis narrowing
-tropic turning toward
-uria urine
-tomy cutting operation
-phage, -phagia, -phagy eating, devouring
-phonia sound
-phasia speaking
-phobia fear of
-clasis breaking
-clast instrument
kyph(o) humpback
kin(o), kine movement
ethmo ethmoid bone
epi- over
esthesio sensation; perception
eosin(o) red; rosy
top place; topicial
tox(i), toxico, toxo poision; toxin
-oxia oxygen
acanth(o) spiny; thorny
peri around, about near
multi- many
a without
actin(o) light
therm(o) heat
aer(o) air; gas
bacill(i) bacteria
bacteri(o) bacteria
bar(o) weight; pressure
-pnea breath
bio life
blasto immature cells
chem(o) chemical
chore(o) dance
chym(o) chyme, semifluid present during digestion
cry(o) cold
crypt(o) hidden; obscure
uni- one
alge, algesi, algio, algo pain
pre- before
retro- behind, backward
semi- half
quadra-, quardri four
post after, following
pro- before, forward
un not
trans- across, through
leuko(o) white
chrono time
squamo scale
-edma swelling
nyct(o) night
chrom, chromat, chromo color
media(o) middle; medial plane
-cidal destroying, killing
-cide destroying, killing
syring(o) tube
cyt(o) cell
terato monstor(as a malformed fetus)
pyreto fever
radio radiation; x-ray; radius
salping(o) tube
mio smaller; less
-mania obsession
spasmo spasm
chlor(o) cholorine, green
-ectomy removal of
-cyte cell
spher(o) round; spherical
plasma, plasmo formative plasma
ad- toward, to
-metry measurement
-logist one who practices
-gloubulin protein
-graph recording
-esthesia sensation
-genic producing
-ema condition
-gen producing, coming to be
-plastic forming
-poietin one that forms
-plegic one who is paralyzed
-plasm formation
-poiesis formation
-plegia paralysis
re- again, backward
poly- many
styl-(o) peg-shaped
sub less than, under inferior
ultra- beyond, excessive
tachy- fast
syl-, sym-, syn-, sys- together
supra- above, over
coni(o) dust
log(o) speech, words, thought
chlondrio, chondro Cartilage, grainy, gritty
cac(o) bad; ill
amyl(o) starch
pan-, pant(o)- all, entire
dynamo force; energy
zym(o) fermentation, enzyme
iso- equal; same
intra- within
scoto darkness
idio distinct; unknown
gonio angle
glyco sugars
oncho, onco tumor
phot(o) light
physo air; gas; growing
phyt(o) plant
poikilo varied; irregular
erythro(o) red, redness
etio cause
ex- out of, away from
-phil attraction; affinity for
-philia attraction; affinity for
-pheresis removal
-static maintaining a state
per- through, intensely
mon(o)- single
par(a)- beside; abnormal; involving two parts
tono tension; pressure
tel(o) tele(o) distant; end; complete
strepto twisted chains; streptococci
steno narrowness
-stalsis contraction
-stat agent to maintain a state
-rrhexis rupture
-porosis lessening in density
-poietic forming
-scopy use of an instrument for observing
-lepsy condition of
-ism condition, disease doctrine
-ic pertaining to
-ics treatment, practice, body of knowledge
-tropy condition of turning toward
-lyctic destroying
-crit separate
-cytosis condition of the cells
-emesis vomiting
-desis binding
-ecstasia expansion; dilation
-phoresis carrying
-physis growing
-phthisis wasting away
-plasia formation
-parous producing; bearing
-penia deficiency
de- away from
dextro(o) right, toward the right
dia through
di-, dif-, dir-, dis- not, separated
infra- positioned beneath
karyo nucleus
lepto light, frail, thin
sito food; grain
sidero iron
apo- derived, separate
kal(i) potassium
ab-, abs- away from
cine(o) movement
lys(o) dissolution
meta- after
-tome cutting instrument, segment
-pexy fixation, usually done surgically
-cele hernia
-asthenia weakness
end(o)- within
crin(o) secrete
zo(o) life
xiph sword xiphoid,
xer(o) dry
xeno stranger
vivi life
aut(o)- self
home(o), homo same; constant
gen(o) producing; being born
-rrhagia heavy discharge
-spasm contraction
-trophy nutrition
-trophic nutritional
-tropia turing
-version turing
staphyl(o) grapelike clusters
stero(o) three-dimensional
olig(o) few; little; scanty
itit (pl. -itides) inflammation
-kinesis movement
-paresis slight paralysis
-para bearing
-ostomy opening
-pepsia digestion
-phoria feeling; carrying
-phylaxis protection
-plakia plaque
-form in the shape of
-graphy process of recording
-gram a recording
-emic relating to blood
-globin protein
-genesis production of
-opia vision
-opsy view of
-oid like, resembling
-logy study, practice
-meter measuring device
-leptic having seizures
-opsia vison
-lysis destruction of
-iasis pathological condition or state
-kinesia movent
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhage discharging heavily
-schisis splitting
-scope instrument for observing
-crine secreting
-plasty surgial repair
-stasis stopping; constant
-rrhea a flowing, a flux
-ptosis falling down; drooping
-osis condition, state, process
Created by: mpetersen10