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Trade in Asis

How geography contributed to the movement of people and ideas in Asia

QuestionAnswer
What was the vast open steppe land of Central Asia home to? Numerous nomadic societies
What type of economy did the nomadic people rely on that exploited the natural resources of the open steppe? Pastoral Economy
What did this reliance on pastoralism result in within these people? Expertise on the use of pack animals including horses, camels, and oxen
What did transport technologies combined with potential profits from trade lead to? The Silk Road
What were the potential profitable trade items? Silk, glassware, cotton cloth, horses, spices, perfumes, and slaves.
How many phases did the Silk Road operate in? Two
When was the first phase for the Silk Road? 100 BCE to 800 CE.
What was important about the first phase for the Silk Road? The trade route linked the Roman Empire in the west, the Chinese dynasties of the Han, Sui, and Tang in the east, the Indian empires of the Mauryan and Gupta in the south and the Persians in the middle.
When did the Silk Road peak again? From 1200 to 1500
How did the Silk Road function in its first phase? As a relay system
How did this system on the Silk Road work? A merchant would only travel a portion of the full length of the road and give the trade items to another merchant who would do the same thing as the former merchant and so on.
What major trading cities developed because of the Silk Road? Chang'an, Samarkand, and Bukhara
While individuals rarely traveled the full length of the trade routes, what did? Elements of culture and technology
Where did Buddhism spread to because of the Silk Road? India to China
Where did Christianity spread to because of the Silk Road? The east
Where did the stirrup spread to because of the Silk Road? From central Asia to Europe, China, and the Middle East
Where did horse technology spread to because of the Silk Road? To China
What new crops were introduced to China because of the Silk Road? Alfalfa and grapes
What new crops were introduced to Rome because of the Silk Road? Peaches and apricots
What new crops were introduced to the Middle East because of the Silk Road? Rice, sugarcane, and cotton
What led to the rise of vast networking of exchange between East Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China in the Classical Age? Predictable nature of monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean eased open-water navigation.
Who was motivated by potential profits from the exchange in goods? Mariners
What were the goods Mariners were interested in? Ebony, ivory, copper, myrrh, frankincense, dates, spices, jewels, cotton cloth, and silk.
Once the mariners were motivated by these goods, what did the develop? Technologies that capitalized on the monsoon winds and allowed the efficient transport of massive amounts of goods.
What are the exact technologies the mariners developed? The dhow and lateen sail by Arab sailors and the Junk by Chinese sailors.
What did the seasonal nature of the monsoon winds cause? It forced long stays by sailors in their various ports of call.
What did the long stays of the sailors establish? The establishment of diasporic communities in the major parts of the Indian Ocean Maritime system.
What did the diasporic communities leave behind? An enduring impact on the host culture
What is an example of Arabic diasporic communities? The Swahili language of East Africa is a product of blending Arabic with indigenous Bantu languages.
What is an example of a Chinese diasporic communities? The Malay peninsula has a Chinese community that endures to this day.
Created by: savannahreynolds