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Religion in Asia

The development and impact of Hinduism & Buddhism on India, & Confucianism on

QuestionAnswer
What were ideologies of Indo-European religious traditions preserved in? The Vedas
When did the religious traditions of the Dravidian population and Indo European religious traditions blend together to form hinduism? 750 to 550 BCE
What was the writing of this new hinduism formed by the Dravidian population and the Indo-European population? The Upanishads
What was the central belief in Hinduism? That all living things are reincarnated after death with the quality of life based on the deeds (karma) of the individual in the previous life.
What are humans expected to live by according to the Hindu religion? Dharma
What is the reward for living a life with good conduct? The release from the cycle of reincarnation.
What is the release from the cycle of reincarnation called? Moshka
What did the dominance of the Indo-European Aryans over the indigenous Dravidians as well as the faith result in? The creation of a rigid social class system called Caste or Varna.
How was the population divided for the social class system? Into five hereditary social classes based on ethnicity and occupation.
When did Hinduism fully develop? During the Gupta Dynasty (320 CE to 550 CE)
What Hindu traditions became commonplace during the Gupta dynasty? The hereditary nature of the occupational classes of the Caste System, patriarchy, the belief in a pantheon of gods, a rich tradition of epic literature and the construction of monumental Hindu architecture.
What faiths challenged Hinduism's dominance in the region around 500 BCE? Jainism and Buddhism
Where did Buddhism gain adherents? Along trade routes
Where did Buddhism gain much popularity? East and Southeast Asia
Who founded Buddhism? A Hindu Prince named Siddhartha Gautama
What did Siddhartha Gautama reject about Hinduism? The caste system and the pantheon of Hindu gods
What did Buddha teach that was against the Hindu religion? Spiritual enlightenment (nirvana) and escape from the cycle reincarnation could be reached in a single lifetime by accepting the Four Noble Truths and following the Eightfold Path.
When did Buddhism reach its peak? During the Mauryan Dynasty (324-184 BCE) under the emperor Ashoka.
What did Ashoka make state policy? The promotion and spread of Buddhism
What did Ashoka's policies do for Buddhism? They ensured Buddhism would endure as a major world religion.
When did Buddhism fall out of favor in South Asia? During the Gupta dynasty (320 CE-550 CE)
What religion had monks and nuns build monasteries along major trade routes? Buddhism
How did Buddhism stay relevant during the Gupta Dynasty? By being spread along the Indian Ocean and Silk Road
What did the Buddhist monasteries do? Spread the buddhist faith along the traveling merchants and offered a life free of the traditional confines of patriarchy as well as freedom from the caste system for both men and women.
When did Confucius live? During the waning days of the Zhou Dynasty, a period of social and political upheaval (551-479 BCE).
His philosophy was recorded by his followers in the... Analects
What did the Analects propose? A solution to the unrest in China.
What did he argue held the key to social order? filial piety and the Mandate of Heaven.
For Confucius, what did the family serve as? A model for society as whole
What did the eldest male of the family hold? A moral obligation to lead care for his household with wisdom and benevolence in exchange each member of the family was obliged to obey.
What did confucius believe that hierarchy of the family could do? It could be expanded to bring oder to society as a whole.
What did Confucius argue about human's morality? He believed that people were innately good and that if treated with respect would obey righteous leaders.
What was important about the five relationships the Analects laid out? They were rooted in long held Chinese traditions and would bring peace and order to society.
What was each relationship based in? Reciprocal respect and duty
What were the five relationships set by Confucius? Ruler & subject, father & son, husband & wife, older brother & younger brother, and friend & friend.
What would be in place in an ideal Confucian society? Wise superiors protect and respect their subordinates, subordinates obey and respect their superiors and all obey the golden rule.
What is the golden rule? "Never do to others what you would not like them to do to you."
What did Confucianism create? A fairly rigid social hierarchy, strongly supported patriarchy, encouraged education, and supported the tradition veneration in China from the Han dynasty onward.
Created by: savannahreynolds