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Ancient Greece

TermDefinition
peninsula land surrounded on three sides by water
Peloponnese is a Greek peninsula that the City-State of Sparta is located. This area very mountainous.
polis is the Greek word that refers to a small independent country.
helots Greek that means 'captured" Refers the slaves of the city-state of Sparta.
tyrant a person who seizes power and runs a government by force
tyranny a form of government run by one person, a tyrant, who seized power by force.
oligarchy a form of government run by a few usually called oligarchs, most are wealthy land owners, aristocrats.
democracy a form of government in which the citizen run the government by making the decisions.
Sparta a Greek city state that is an oligarchy. Sparta is a militaristic state.
Athens a Greek city state that is a democracy.
Persia what is now considered the country of Iran. Persians were warriors and nomads who herded cattle.
Zoroastrianism a religion of ancient Persia, monotheistic. Believed in a supreme supreme being that is the creator of all things and a force of goodness.
Cyrus the Great united the Persian kingdoms and began building an empire, 559 B.C. to 530 B.C.
Darius reorganized the Persian government when the Empire grew to big by dividing the Empire into districts with an official.
Xerxes son of Darius, became King of Persia 486 B.C. sought revenge against the Athenians. Fought against Leonidas at Thermopylae.
Direct Democracy a form of government in which all citizens partake in meeting and voting on all government decisions.
Representative Democracy a form of government in which citizens vote for others to make government decisions for the citizens.
Pericles an general that led Athens in for 30 years making Athens the major city-state of the Delian League (made Athens the city state in control of others)
Phillip II King of Macedonia. Raised in Greece wanted to defeat the Persians by uniting the Greek city-states.
Alexander the Great son of Phillip II. Unites the Greeks and conquerors the Persian Empire. Alexander's empire expands from Greece, Egypt, to India.
Legacy what one leaves behind when they die. This could be ideas or material possessions.
Hellenistic Era Time when the passing of Greek like ideas, language and culture are passed on the non Greek areas.
Created by: jsmith81