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West Africa!

West African Civilizations chapter 5 unit 3

Rifts Long, deep valleys formed by the movement of the earth's crust.
Sub-Saharan Africa Africa south of the sahara.
Sahel a strip of land that divides the desert from wetter lands.
Savannah Open grassland with scattered trees.
Rain Forests Most, densely wooded areas.
Extended Families Included father, mother, children and close relatives in one house hold.
Animism The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees and other natural objects have spirits.
Traditional Customary, time-honored
Silent Barrier The process in which people exchange goods without ever contacting each other directly.
Tunka Manin This king reached the empire of Ghana to its peak. He also had a splendid court that showed the vast wealth of the empire.
Almoravids A strong army that defeated Ghana in the late 1,000's and invaded the empire.
Sundiata He was the founder of the empire Mali. His reign is also recorded in legends.
Mansa Musa Mali's greatest and most famous ruler, he was a devout Muslim. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca that helped spread Mali's fame.
Sunni Ali He was the emperor of Songhai and conquered Mali and made Songhai into a powerful state.
Oral History A spoken record of past events.
Griots West African story tellers.
Proverbs Short sayings of wisdom or truth.
Kente A hand woven, brightly colored fabric.
Tuareg A group of nomads from the Sahara who seized Timbuktu in 1431 and hastened the fall of MAli.
Mansa Local chiefs and leaders bore this title, which had both political and religious significance.
Mali One of the largest empires in African history, which rose from the ruins of Ghana.
Maghan The son of Mansa Musa, unlike his father, he was a very weak ruler.
Ghana An empire in West Africa that gained control of the valuable Saharan trade routes and became a powerful state.
Created by: xschwarz