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Mesopotamia & Egypt

Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

QuestionAnswer
Where did Mesopotamia develop? The Fertile Crescent
What 2 rivers flowed through Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
True of False: Mesopotamia had many natural borders to protect it. False, Mesopotamia lacked many natural borders.
What river flowed through Egypt? The Nile
When did the Nile flood every year? July to October
What is the Gift of the Nile? The regularity of the flooding, as well as the nutrient rich silt it deposited.
True or False: Egypt had many natural borders to protect it. True, Egypt had vast bodies of water in the the north and east and vast deserts in the south and west.
True or False: Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions were both monotheistic. False, both regions' religions were polytheistic, with their gods representing aspects of nature.
How were the Mesopotamian gods viewed? Unpredictable and struck fear in the people.
How did Mesopotamians gain the approval of the gods? They made sacrifices and built large temples called ziggurats.
How did the Mesopotamians view the afterlife? As a gloomy and fearful place.
How were the Egyptian gods viewed? They were viewed as dependable and provided bounty and prosperity.
How did the Egyptians view the afterlife? Good deeds in life were rewarded with an afterlife rich in the same pleasures they enjoyed on earth.
Who conquered Mesopotamia, making it the first ever empire? King of Akkad, Sargon.
Who brought political innovation when they unified the region in 18th century BCE? The babylonians
What Babylonian king introduced the first written law code which limited arbitrary justice of earlier kings? Hammurabi
What was the name of the Egyptian leader? Pharaoh
(2649 - 2150 BCE), Which Egyptian Kingdom reigned during this timeframe? Old Kingdom
(2030 - 1640 BCE), Which Egyptian Kingdom reigned during this timeframe? Middle Kingdom
(1550 - 1070 BCE), Which Egyptian Kingdom reigned during this timeframe? New Kingdom
How many intermediate periods are in Egyptian History? 2
Who was part of the Ruling class in Mesopotamia and Egypt? 1) The Royal Family 2) Priests 3) Government Officials 4) Landowners 5) Soldiers 6) Scribes
Who was part of the Middle class in Mesopotamia and Egypt? Merchants and artisans
Who was part of the Lowest class in Mesopotamia and Egypt? Peasant farmers
Created by: savannahreynolds