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APWH Q4 Vocab Quiz

APWH Q4 and FINAL Vocab Quiz

Franz Ferdinand archduke of Austria; his assassination i Sarajevo by the Black Hand triggered to outbreak of World War I
World War I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Allies, notably Britain, France, Russia, and Italy (which entered in 1915), and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a document signed between Germany and the Allied Powers following World War I that officially ended that war.
Woodrow Wilson president of the US from 1913 to 1921, noted for his approach to the end of World War I, which helped with the 14 points later
Great Depression worldwide economic depression that began in 1929 with the New York stock market crash and continued till the outbreak of WWI
New Deal series of reforms enacted by Franklin Roosevelt's administration between 1933 and 1942
facism political ideology marked by its intense nationalism, name derived from the fasces that were the symbol of magistrates in Rome
Mussolini Charismatic leader of the Italian fascist party who came to power in 1922
Nazi Germany Germany ruled by Hitler and the Nazi Party from 1933-1945, the "purification" of German State
Hitler leader of the German Nazi Party and Germany's head state from 1933 until his death
Revolutionary Right- Japan Racial nationalist group that promoted direct imperial rule, this was the movement in Japanese political life that was marked by extreme nationalism, a commitment to elite leadership focused around the emperor and dedication to foreign expansion.
World War II in Asia A struggle essentially to halt Japanese imperial expansion in Asia, fought by the Japanese against primarily Chinese and American foes.
World War II in Europe A struggle essentially to halt German imperial expansion in Europe, fought by a coalition of allies that included Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
total war the channeling of a nation's entire resources into war effort
Holocaust An act of great destruction and loss of life; the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Marshall Plan A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
European Economic Community An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Warsaw Pact The 1955 treaty binding the Soviet Union and countries of eastern Europe in an alliance against the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Russian Revolution known as the October Revolution, that overthrew the Czar and brought the Bolsheviks as a communist party to power
Bolsheviks/Lenin Bolsheviks was the communist party that came to power in 1918 led by Vladimir Lenin
Guomindang political party founded in 1911 by Sun Yat-sen; governed China under Chian Kai-shek from 19828 until 1949
Mao Zedong Chinese communist leader and theorist, founder of Chinese communist party in 1921, he commanded troops in the Chinese civil war
Chinese Revolution in 1911, the overthrow of the Manchu Dynasty and the establishment of a republic
Stalin Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist party and created a totalitarian state by ridding all opposition
building socialism the often-forcible transformation of society when a communist regime came to power in a state
Zhenotdel women's department of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union from 1919 to 1930
collectivization system in which private farms were eliminated, instead gov. owned all land and peasants worked on it
Cultural Revolution radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Gaurd
Great Terror/Purges it was a massive attempt to cleanse the Soviet Union of "enemies of the people"
Anna Dubova russian peasant girl and urban women
Cold War conflict between US and Soviet Union, nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield, deadly threats went on for years
Korean War Fought in the early 1950s between the United Nations, supported by the United States, and the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). The war began in 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea.
Vietnam War (1955-75) a Cold War conflict pitting the U.S. and the remnants of the French colonial government in South Vietnam against the indigenous but communist Vietnamese independence movement, the Viet Minh, following the latter's expulsion of the French
Cuban Missile Crisis between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba; the confrontation ended in compromise, with the USSR removing its missiles in exchange for the United States agreeing not to invade Cuba.
Nikita Khrushchev leader of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964.
Deng Xioping leader of China from 1976 to 1997 whose reforms essentially dismantled the communist elements of the Chinese economy.
perestroika bold economic program launched in 1987 by Mikhail Gorbachev with the intention of freeing up Soviet industry and businesses.
glasnot Gorbachev's policy of "openness," which allowed greater cultural and intellectual freedom and ended most censorship of the media; the result was a burst of awareness of the problems and corruption of the Soviet system.
Mikhail Gorbachev leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991 whose efforts to reform the USSR led to its collapse.
decolonization The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence
Indian National Congress Grew out of regional associations of Western-educated Indians; originally centered in cities of Bombay, Poona, Calcutta, and Madras; became political party in 1885; focus of nationalist movement in India; governed through most of postcolonial period
Gandhi (1869-1948) Led sustained all-India campaign for independence from British Empire after World War I; stressed nonviolent but aggressive mass protest
Jawaharlal Nehru Indian statesmen and leader who assisted Gandhi in the struggle for home rue, first prime minister of India from 1947-1964
Muslim League Founded in 1906 to better support demands of Muslims for separate electorates and legislative seats in Hindu-dominated India; represented division within Indian nationalist movement
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Muslim leader in India; originally a member of the National Congress party; became leader of Muslim League; traded Muslim support for British during World War II for promises of a separate Muslim state after the war; first president of Pakistan
Abdul Gaffar Khan a independence activist against the rule of the British Raj
Pakistan-creation of the Pakistan movement was a religious political movement in the 1940's that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Pakistan
apartheid a policy or system of segregation commonly in South Africa
African National Congress Black political organization within South Africa; pressed for end to policies of apartheid; sought open democracy leading to black majority rule; until the 1990s declared illegal in South Africa
Nelson Mandela Long-imprisoned leader of the African National Congress party; worked with the ANC leadership to dismantle the apartheid system from the mid-1980s onward; in 1994, became the first black prime minister of South Africa after the ANC won
Black Consciousness/ Soweto Impoverished black neighborhood outside Johannesburg, South Africa, and the site of a violent uprising in 1976 in which hundreds were killed; that rebellion began a series of violent protests and strikes that helped end apartheid
Kwame Nkrumah first prime minister of Ghana helping it gain independance from Europe
Pan-Africanism the principle of advocacy of the political union of all the indigenous inhabitants of Africa
military government the government established by a military commander in conquered territory to administer the military law declared by him
globalization of democracy democratic globalization is a social movement system of global democracy that would give world citizens a say in organizations
import substitution a trade and economic policy which advocates replacing foreign imports with domestic production
Export-led industrialization a trade and economic policy aiming to speed up the industrialization process of a country
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Leader of Turkish republic formed in 1923; reformed Turkish nation using Western models
Shah Mohammad leader of Iran after World War II; embraced Western governments and wealthy Western oil companies
Ayatollah Reholla Khomeini (1900-1989) Religious ruler of Iran following revolution of 1979 to expel the Pahlavi Shah of Iran; emphasized religious purification; tried to eliminate Western influences and establish purely Islamic government
United Nations an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
neoliberalism An economic development strategy which includes free markets, balanced budgets, free trade, and minimal government intervention in the economy.
reglobalization The quickening of global economic transactions after World War II, which resulted in total world output returning to the levels established before the Great Depression and moving beyond them
transnational corporations Large corporations that are headquartered in one country but sell and produce goods and services in many countries
North/South Gap Growing disparity between the Global North and the Global South that appears to be exacerbated by current world trade practices.
anti-globalization movement that protests the development of the global economy on the grounds that it makes the rich richer and keeps poor regions in poverty while exploiting their labor and environments. The movement started in 1999
WTO International body representing 149 nations that negotiates the rules for global commerce and is dedicated to the promotion of free trade.
Two Faces of an "American Empire" One being that in the second half of the 20th century, America built its global presence through political / military alliances and distribution of US bases. On the other hand, in the early 21st century, America's cultural presence around the globe.
Prague Spring a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.
Che Guevara an Argentine revolutionary leader who was Fidel Castro's chief lieutenant in the Cuban revolution (1928 - 1967)
second wave feminism Another era of feminism in the 1960's which focused on equal rights for women in employment and education, women's right to control their own bodies, and the end of patriarchal domination instead of women's right to vote.
fundamentalism strict adherence to basic principles of religion, a militant piety, exclusive, looked to the past for ideas, scientific approaches to the bible were not good, sought to separate from secular world. Reason for many people to start politicizing religion
Hindutva Fundamentalist Hindu movement that became politically important in India in the 1980s by advocating a distinct Hindu identity and decrying government efforts to accommodate other faith groups.
Islamic Renewal Large number of movements in Islamic lands that promote a return to strict adherence to the Quran and the sharia in opposition to key elements of Western culture.
Osama bin Laden/al-Qaeda a founder of al-Qaeda from 1957- 2013 , the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
9/11 A planned series of terrorist attacks on America by the terrorist group al-Qaeda. Consisted of the attack on the World Trade Center in NYC, the Pentagon in Washington DC, and the crash of Flight 93 in Shanksville, Pennsylvania
global warming a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth's atmosphere attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.
environmentalism A philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment.
Rachel Carson an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
"the hope of history" hope that the world will revert to a more improved and equal world.
Created by: 22denney