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Renaissance, etc.

(Willis) Rennaissance, Reformation, & Islamic Empires

The period of "rebirth" in Europe. The revival of art and learning. Renaissance
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements. Humanism
This individual is considered the founder of Humanism. Petrarch
During the Renaissance, Florence came under the rule of this power banking family. Medici
Supporters of the arts are called Patrons
An art technique of showing three dimensions on a flat surface. Perspective
He was a sculptor, poet, architect, and painter. His works include the Sistine Chapel and the statue of David. Michelangelo Buonarroti
He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. His works include the Mona Lisa and the first sketches of flying machines. Leonardo Da Vinci
He was a write who wrote "The Prince." Niccolo Machiavelli
He was an artist who studied the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo. He was famous for his use of perspective. Raphael
He was a sculptor, his famous works include The Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata. Donatello
He invented the first movable type printing press. Johann Gutenberg
This invention helped knowledge spread quickly. Printing Press
Writing written in the common language. Vernacular
A pardon releasing a person from punishment due for sin. Indulgence
He sparked a revolution in 1517 when he was angered by the sale of indulgences. Martin Luther
A movement for religious reform starting in 1517. Reformation
The taking away of a person's right of membership in a Christian church. Excommunication
A member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation. Protestants
A member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther. Lutheran
Members of the church who perform religious services are also called clergy
The religious settlement that allowed German princes to decided the religion of his state. Peace of Augsburg
The King of England that broke away from the Catholic church and declared himself head of the Catholic Church. Henry VIII
This Queen was Henry VIII's daughter and returned England to Protestantism. She set up the Church of England, or Anglican Church. Elizabeth I
This was used to defeat the city of Constantinople. Cannons
This ruler oversaw the "Golden Age" of the Ottomans Suleiman "The Magnificent"
A council of advisers is known as viziers
Soldiers who defended the sultan and the state were known as Men of the sword
Scientists, judges, lawyers, and poets were known as Men of the pen
Merchants, tax collectors, and artisans were known as Men of negotiation
Farmers and herders who produced the food were known as Men of husbandry
The Ottomans organized society into religious communities called millets
When elements from two cultures are absorbed from each other this is known as cultural diffusion
The Muslim term for king or monarch sultan
The term for local Hindu leaders rajahs
The language that combined Persian, Arabic, and Delhi dialect Urdu
This religion is a blend between Hindu and Muslim ideas Sikhism
This building was built to honor Shah Jahan's dead wife Taj Mahal
Most people in Africa live on these grassy plains. Savannas
The largest desert in the norhtern region of Africa. Sahara
In this society, children trace their ancestors through thier mothers. matrilineal
Descendants of a commmon anscestor. It includes past generations and future generations. Lineage
A permanent or semipermanent move from one country or region to another. Migration
Starting in the first few centuries AD and continuing over 1,500 years, small grops moved southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture. Bantu-speaking peoples.
Islam blended with traditional African cultures to create this new culture. Swahili
This African empire came first lasting from 800-1050 AD. It became a rich empire from trading salt and gold Ghana
This African empire replaced Ghana and lasted from 1235-1610. Mali
This leader founded the Mali empire. Sundiata Keita
This African Muslim was the last leader of the Mali kingdom. He destabilized the African economies and brought Muslim scholars to Mali. Mansa Musa
This Africa empire lasted from 1464-1591 and was led by Sunni Ali and Askia Muhammad. Songhai
Created by: chadmw