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Chapter 13

TermDefinition
Annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the U.S.
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) The process of capturing waste CO2, transporting it to a storage site, and depositing it where it will not enter the atmosphere, normally underground
Census tract An area delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urban areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods
Central business district (CBD) The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
Central city (city) An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit known as municipality
Combined statistical area (CSA) In the U.S. two or more contiguous CBSAs tied together by commuting patterns
Concentric zone model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings
Core-based statistical area (CBSA) In the U.S. any MSA
Density gradient The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery
Edge city A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area
Filtering A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment
Gentrification A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income, renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class, owner-occupied area
Informal settlement An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures
Megalopolis A continuous urban complex in the northeastern U.S.
Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) In the U.S. an urbanized area of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city
Micropolitan statistical area An urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is located, and adjacent counties tied to the city
Multiple nuclei model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities
Peripheral model A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road
Primary census area (PSA) In the U.S. any CSA, any MSA not included in a CSA or any micropolitan statistical area not included in a CSA
Public housing Government-owned housing rented to low-income individuals, with rents set at 30 percent of the tenant's income
Redlining A process by which financial institutions draw red-colored lines on a map and refuse to lend money for people to purchase or improve property within the lines
Rush hour The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volume of traffic
Sector model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the CBD
Smart growth Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
Social area analysis Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background, and lifestyle live within an urban area
Sprawl Development of new housing sites at a relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area
Suburb A residential or commercial area situated within an urban area but outside the central city
Sustainable development Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
Underclass A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics
Urban area A central city and its surrounding built-up suburbs
Urban cluster In the U.S. an urban area with between 2,500 and 50,000 inhabitants
Urbanized area In the U.S. an urban area with at least 50,000 inhabitants
Zoning ordinance A law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of development in a community
Created by: Yedani