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Variants to Poor Law

British History - Problems with the Poor Law and changes that were made

Key features of the old Poor Law Provided Relief for the poor. Parish workhouse for the 'indigent'. Organised by parishes. Outdoor relief. Paid for from the Poor rate.
The Original Poor Law 1601 The property-owning classes concerned unemployed - potential threat to law and order. 15K parishes - responsible for orphans, the sick/elderly. Able bodied - provided with cash/food if no work was available. Parish overseers - decided rates for each case
Name the three variations that were made to the Poor Law 1. The Laws of Settlement - mid 1600s 2. Gilbert's Act - 1782 3. The Speenhamland system - 1789+
The Laws of Settlement - mid 1600s Poor people applying for relief could be sent back to the parish they had been previously been living. To protect individual parishes - overwhelmed by poor - needed looking after. Strengthen authority by stopping migration.
Gilbert's Act 1782 Allowed parishes to group together to administer the Poor Law. Each parish pay for poor in an area including poorhouse. Saved parishes money each paid towards stuff provincials for the poor.
Speenhamland system 1789+ The practice of topping the wages of poor labourers. In some places allowances were paid for each child in the family.
Created by: supercars