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Chapter 7-Population

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QuestionAnswer
Infant Motality Rate High in Afgan, low in US: doctors, home birth:number of infants per 1000 live births that die before reaching one year of age.
Life Expectancy Classified by gender how long someone in a country expects to live on average. [ highest Chine, Lowest Swaziland]
Per Capita GDP The average/ basic measure of what a person makes in a country annunally. [US approx. $35,000]
Birth Rate Commonly used to calculate population growth. [ Highest Niger, lowest China]
Death Rate The ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
1st, 2nd,3rd World Countries EX: US is a ___ world country. India is made up of all three. Many countries in Africa are _______ countries.
Population Density A lot of people in oneplace. most people in the world live along the costal areas of low lands. : US density populated on East coast: megapolis- Ex: Bost, Baltimore
3 main Areas of Population Densities 1.) East Asia, 2.) Indians subcontinant, 3.) Europe
Doubling Time The period of time required for a quantity to double in size or value. It is applied to population growth, inflation
Rate of natural Increase Birth rate minus death rate.
World Population 6.8 Billion People
International Aid Organizations Organizations:InterAction,AmeriCares, CARE
Misery Index The movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Gap between Rich and Poor Growing bigger between ____ and poor ___.
Carrying Pacity The number of people max that can be held in a space.
Zero population Growth Static population size.
Baby Boom The larger than expected generation in United States born shortly after World War II, 1987.
Ways countries try to limit births Paid incentive, Birth control [China, India], Laws: Mao Zedong- encourages population growth
Migration A change in residence that is intended to be permenant.
Push/ Pull Factors Factors: freedom, economy
Rusbelt/ Sunbelt Rusbelt- Northern half of US Countires, wough winters: Sunbelt- Souther US states, warmer.
Political Reasons for Migration Persecution, expulsion, or war.
Economic Reason for Migration Poverty and desire for opportunity.
Enviornmental Migration Reasons Crop failures, floods, drought, enviornmentally induced famine.
Cultural Migration Threatened by change: Isreal.
Dessertification A process whereby human actions unintentionally turn productive lands into deserts through agricultural and pastoral misuse, destroying vegetation and soil to the point where they cannot regenerate.
Internal Migrations Constant moving in the US.
Aids/ Malaria/ third World Dieases Aids/ Malaria/ third World Dieases
Chain Migration Migration of people to a specific location because of relatives or memebers of the same nationality alread there.
Sex Ratios Ratio between men and women: More men in China than women.
Refugees Forced to migrate.People who flee to escape conflict, persecution or natural disaster.
5 Most populated Countries China, India, US, Indonesia, Brazil
Raven Shine /
Neomathusias People who believed in Mathius. Believed prediction of how many people there would be.
Jonjaweed Armed gunmen in Darfur.
All wars are over ____ and ____. resources and power. Ex: Sudan, Darfur
Fertility Rate indicates the average number of children born to women ovre thier lifetimes.
Population Pyramid A graphical representation of the age and sex distribution of a population
Demographic Transition Stages Two of the demographic transition is a change in the age structure of the population.
Thomas Malthus Predicted how many people there would be today over 200 years ago.Came up with theory that world population would outstrip food supply.
Geometrical/ Exponential Icrease Drastic increase: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32, 64
Arithmetical/ Linear growth ____ Growth Ex:2, 4, 6, 8
Resource Wars Malthusianism, Malthus' theory- *J Curve[exp. growth], food-linear *S Curve [arth. growth]. Mir. crops- Green Rev.- oil
Green Revolution Being able to grow more food in an area trying to meet up with demands of growing population.
Created by: adamma