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Organisms/Pathogens

Gram stain, Site, shapes

TermDefinition
Streptococcus pyogenes 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Pathogen Site: Respiratory Tract; Gram + Shape & Arrangements: Cocci Chains Transmission: Contact, droplets, respiratory secretions,
Arcanobacterium 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Chlamydia pneumoniae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Corynebacterium diptheriae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Candida 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Bacillus anthracis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes anthrax
Clostridium tetani 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes tetanus
Clostridium difficle 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes colitis
Clostridium perfringens 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes gas gangrene
Clostridium botulinum 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes botulism
Syphilis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Spirochete
Gonorrhea 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Diplococci
Chlamydea 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
TB 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Leprosy 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Mycobacterium spp 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Acid fast stain process to ID
Nocardia 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Acid fast stain process to ID
Actinomyces organisms 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Acid fast stain process to ID
Parvovirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Virus S/S: Fever, HA, sudden appearance of bright red cheeks.
Yersinia enterocolitica 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacteria S/S: fever, abd pain (R side predominant), diarrhea (bloody) & vomiting . Stool culture lactose negative colonies. develops w/in 4-7 days 1-3 weeks
Providenceia alcalfacines 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Rotavirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Shigella 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Lyme 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi passed on by tick bite black legged Fever, HA, fatigue & skin rash erythema migran/ annular lesions (bulls eye) 3-30 days Avg 7 days treated w/ abx will be dependent for length of illness Isolation: Standard
Common Pathogen for Skin, Subcutaneous tissue Infection S. aureus, Streptococcus phyogens, Candida, dermatophytes, coagulase- Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Clostrdidum
Common Pathogens for Sinusitis Infection Streptococus pneumoniae, Haemophilus Influnae, S. pygenes, S., aureus, Gram- bacilli, Mucorales
Common Pathogens for Pharyngitis Infection Respiratory viruses, S. pygenes, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Common Pathogens for Bronchitis Infection RSV (Peds & older adults), S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Bordetella pertussis
Common Pathogens for Pneumonia community acquired Infection Respiratory viruses (influenza, RSV, hanavirus, S. pneumoniae, H. influenza, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, CHL pneumoniae, Mycobacterium TB, S. aureus, Gram-bacilli, Legionella Pneumophila, Pneumocytis carinii
Common Pathogens for Empyema Infection Anaerobes, oral streptococci, S. aureaus, S. pygenes, H. inluenzae
Common Pathogens for Nosocomial pneumonia Infection Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, S. aureus, Legionella, S. pneumoniae
Common Pathogens for Endocarditis Infection Streptococcus viridans, S. aureus, Enterococcus, Haemophilus, Staphylococcus epidermidids, Candida
Common Pathogens for GastroenteritisInfection Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, invasive E. coli, viruses, Giardia, Yersiniae, Vibrio
Common Pathogens for Peritonitis, abdominal Infection Bacteroides, anaerobic cocci, Enterobacteriaceae, Enteorocuccus, abscess S. aureus, Candida
Common Pathogens for Urinary Tract Infection E. Coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterociccus, Pseudomonas, S. saprophyticus, Canida
Common Pathogens for Pelvic inflammatory Infection CHL trachomatis, Gonococcus, Bacteroieds, Enterobacteriaceae disease
Common Pathogens for Osteomyelitis Infection S. aureus, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus. Agalactiae
Common Pathogens for Septic arthritis Infection S. aureus, N. gonorrhoeae, S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, Pasturella multocida
Common Pathogens for Meningitis Infection H. influenza, N. meningitis, S. pneumoniae, S. agalactiae, M. TB
Common Pathogens for Septicemia Infection S. aureus, S. pneumoniae, E. Coli, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Candida, Clostridium, Listeria
Device Associated Infections Coagulase - Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Gram - bacilli, Infection Candida, or any organism listed under septicemia
Where do I live? Streptococcus Oral & Nasal
Where do I live? N. Meningitidis Nasal
Where do I live? S. epidermidis Skin
Where do I live? E. Coli Gastro
Where do I live? Lactobacillus Uro
Where do I live? Strep viridans Oral
Where do I live? Anaerobes GI
Normal Flora of Skin, ear, eye includes Corynebacterium, Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, nonpathogenic Neisseria, Propionibacteirium, Peptosterptococcus, Candida, Mucor, Absidia, coagulase negative staphylococci
Normal Flora of GI tract includes Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, enteric rods, Corynebacterium, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Propionibacterium, Candida, mixed anerobes
Normal Flora of urinary tract includes Corynebacteriu, Lactobacillius, Staphylococcus, nonpathoogenic Neisseria, enteric rods, Gardnerella, Enterococcus, Mycoplasma, Ureplasma, Propionibacterium, Candida, mixed anerobes
Normal Flora of respiratory tract includes Alpha Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureas, Coagulase negative staphylococcus, Neisseria, Haemophilus, Moraxella, Corynebacterium, Micrococcus, Candida, mixed anerobes
Streptococcus pneumoniae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - Gram + cocci in pairs Generates increased WBC response Pathogen in CSF
Enterococcus Faecalis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - alpha haemolytic Gram + cocci
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax) 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Clostridium tetani (Tetnus) 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Clostridium perfringens (Gas Gangrene) 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Clostridium botulinum (Botulism 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
AIDs/HIV 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 14 days; AIDS 7 to 10 years after HIV infection 4) Person to person: sex, blood exposure; birth; breastfeeding 5) Infectious for life can be controlled with Meds
Campylobacter 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 1-10 days; avg 2-5 4) Contaminated food water, animals, fecal oral route 5) several days to 7 weeks
Chicken Box; Varicella 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 10-21 days avg 14-16 4) Airborne; Droplet; contact 5) As long as 5, but usually 1-2 days before onset of rash until all blisters have crusted.
Chlamydia 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) PCR of urine or vag swab 2) Itching, drainage, pain; often asymptomatic 3) 1-3 weeks 4) sex, birth 5) Duration of infection. Until treated w/ ABX
Conjunctivitis w/ a fever & behavioral change, purulence or hemorrhage 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 24-72 hrs 4) Contact w/ discharge from the eyes, nose or throat of infected people or intimate objects 5) Duration the corse of active infection
E. Coli O157; H7 other Shiga toxin producing E. Coli 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 2-10 days, avg 3-4 days 4)Ingestion of contaminated food , Fecal oral 5) Duration of excretion of the pathogen in the stool which is usually 1 week or less in adults but 3 weeks in 1 out of 3 children.
5th disease, Human Parvovorirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Clostridium difficle 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Survival time >5 months 6) 7)
Norovirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Survival time 8 hours to >2 weeks 6) 7)
Staphylococcua Aureas (including MRSA) 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)Survival time 7 days to >12 months 6) 7)
Neisseria Meningitides 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) diplococci 7) - A true infection emergency Pathogen in CSF
Pseudomonas 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Acinetobacter, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Moraxella, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Aeromonas, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Xanthomonas, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Legionella, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Aspergillus, 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Fusariumspp., 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
atypical (nontuberculosis)mycobacteria. 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads. also from piercings
Mycobacterium marinum 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Mycobacterium avium 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Mycobacterium leprae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Neisseria meningitidis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Bacteroides fragilis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Acinetobacter baumanii 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Malassezia furfur 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Mycobacterium chelonae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or -
Bordetella pertussis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) Description 8) Gram + or - 1) usually 7 to 10 days, with a range of 6 to 21 days 2) coryza (runny nose), sneezing, low-grade fever, &a mild, occasional cough that gradually becomes more severe 3) nasopharyngeal PCR 4) Isolation/droplet 8) G -
Eschericha Coli (E. Coli) Gram - bacilli
Created by: JRWeidenaar
 

 



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