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Organisms/Pathogens

Gram stain, Site, shapes

TermDefinition
Streptococcus pyogenes Pathogen Site: Respiratory Tract; Gram + Shape & Arrangements: Cocci Chains Transmission: Contact, droplets, respiratory secretions,
Arcanobacterium
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Corynebacterium diptheriae
Mycoplasma ppneumoniae
Candida
Bacillus anthracis Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes anthrax
Clostridium tetani Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes tetanus
Clostridium difficle Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes colitis
Clostridium perfringens Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes gas gangrene
Clostridium botulinum Bacteria that can transform into endospores Causes botulism
Syphilis Spirochete
Gonorrhea Diplococci
Chlamydea
TB
Leprosy
Mycobacterium spp Acid fast stain process to ID
Nocardia Acid fast stain process to ID
Actinomyces organisms Acid fast stain process to ID
Parvovirus Microorganism type S/S Virus S/S: Fever, HA, sudden appearance of bright red cheeks.
Yersinia enterocolitica Microorganism type S/S Incubation period Length of Illness Bacteria S/S: fever, abd pain (R side predominant), diarrhea (bloody) & vomiting . Stool culture lactose negative colonies. develops w/in 4-7 days 1-3 weeks
Providenceia alcalfacines
Rotavirus
Shigella
Lyme Microorganism type S/S Incubation period Length of Illness Isolation Bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi passed on by tick bite black legged Fever, HA, fatigue & skin rash erythema migran/ annular lesions (bulls eye) 3-30 days Avg 7 days treated w/ abx will be dependent for length of illness Isolation: Standard
Common Pathogen for Skin, Subcutaneous tissue Infection S. aureus, Streptococcus phyogens, Candida, dermatophytes, coagulase- Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Clostrdidum
Common Pathogens for Sinusitis Infection Streptococus pneumoniae, Haemophilus Influnae, S. pygenes, S., aureus, Gram- bacilli, Mucorales
Common Pathogens for Pharyngitis Infection Respiratory viruses, S. pygenes, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Common Pathogens for Bronchitis Infection RSV (Peds & older adults), S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Bordetella pertussis
Common Pathogens for Pneumonia community acquired Infection Respiratory viruses (influenza, RSV, hanavirus, S. pneumoniae, H. influenza, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, CHL pneumoniae, Mycobacterium TB, S. aureus, Gram-bacilli, Legionella Pneumophila, Pneumocytis carinii
Common Pathogens for Empyema Infection Anaerobes, oral streptococci, S. aureaus, S. pygenes, H. inluenzae
Common Pathogens for Nosocomial pneumonia Infection Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, S. aureus, Legionella, S. pneumoniae
Common Pathogens for Endocarditis Infection Streptococcus viridans, S. aureus, Enterococcus, Haemophilus, Staphylococcus epidermidids, Candida
Common Pathogens for GastroenteritisInfection Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, invasive E. coli, viruses, Giardia, Yersiniae, Vibrio
Common Pathogens for Peritonitis, abdominal Infection Bacteroides, anaerobic cocci, Enterobacteriaceae, Enteorocuccus, abscess S. aureus, Candida
Common Pathogens for Urinary Tract Infection E. Coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterociccus, Pseudomonas, S. saprophyticus, Canida
Common Pathogens for Pelvic inflammatory Infection CHL trachomatis, Gonococcus, Bacteroieds, Enterobacteriaceae disease
Common Pathogens for Osteomyelitis Infection S. aureus, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus. Agalactiae
Common Pathogens for Septic arthritis Infection S. aureus, N. gonorrhoeae, S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, Pasturella multocida
Common Pathogens for Meningitis Infection H. influenza, N. meningitis, S. pneumoniae, S. agalactiae, M. TB
Common Pathogens for Septicemia Infection S. aureus, S. pneumoniae, E. Coli, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Candida, Clostridium, Listeria
Device Associated Infections Coagulase - Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Gram - bacilli, Infection Candida, or any organism listed under septicemia
Where do I live? Streptococcus Oral & Nasal
Where do I live? N. Meningitidis Nasal
Where do I live? S. epidermidis Skin
Where do I live? E. Coli Gastro
Where do I live? Lactobacillus Uro
Where do I live? Strep viridans Oral
Where do I live? Anaerobes GI
Normal Flora of Skin, ear, eye includes Corynebacterium, Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, nonpathogenic Neisseria, Propionibacteirium, Peptosterptococcus, Candida, Mucor, Absidia, coagulase negative staphylococci
Normal Flora of GI tract includes Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, enteric rods, Corynebacterium, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Propionibacterium, Candida, mixed anerobes
Normal Flora of urinary tract includes Corynebacteriu, Lactobacillius, Staphylococcus, nonpathoogenic Neisseria, enteric rods, Gardnerella, Enterococcus, Mycoplasma, Ureplasma, Propionibacterium, Candida, mixed anerobes
Normal Flora of respiratory tract includes Alpha Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureas, Coagulase negative staphylococcus, Neisseria, Haemophilus, Moraxella, Corynebacterium, Micrococcus, Candida, mixed anerobes
Streptococcus pneumoniae Gram + cocci in pairs Generates increased WBC response Pathogen in CSF
Enterococcus Faecalis alpha haemolytic Gram + cocci
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax)
Clostridium tetani (Tetnus)
Clostridium perfringens (Gas Gangrene)
Clostridium botulinum (Botulism
AIDs/HIV 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) 2) 3) 14 days; AIDS 7 to 10 years after HIV infection 4) Person to person: sex, blood exposure; birth; breastfeeding 5) Infectious for life can be controlled with Meds
Campylobacter 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) 2) 3) 1-10 days; avg 2-5 4) Contaminated food water, animals, fecal oral route 5) several days to 7 weeks
Chicken Box; Varicella 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) 2) 3) 10-21 days avg 14-16 4) Airborne; Droplet; contact 5) As long as 5, but usually 1-2 days before onset of rash until all blisters have crusted.
Chlamydia 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) PCR of urine or vag swab 2) Itching, drainage, pain; often asymptomatic 3) 1-3 weeks 4) sex, birth 5) Duration of infection. Until treated w/ ABX
Conjunctivitis w/ a fever & behavioral change, purulence or hemorrhage 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) 2) 3) 24-72 hrs 4) Contact w/ discharge from the eyes, nose or throat of infected people or intimate objects 5) Duration the corse of active infection
E. Coli O157; H7 other Shiga toxin producing E. Coli 1) Lab Tests 2) S/S 3) Incubation Period 4) Transmission 5) Communicability 1) 2) 3) 2-10 days, avg 3-4 days 4)Ingestion of contaminated food , Fecal oral 5) Duration of excretion of the pathogen in the stool which is usually 1 week or less in adults but 3 weeks in 1 out of 3 children.
5th disease, Human Parvovorirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Isolation 4) Transmitted 5) Survival times 6) Description 7) Gram + or -
Clostridium difficle 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Isolation 4) Transmitted 5) Survival times 6) Description 7) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Survival time >5 months 6) 7)
Norovirus 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Isolation 4) Transmitted 5) Survival times 6) Description 7) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Survival time 8 hours to >2 weeks 6) 7)
Staphylococcua Aureas (including MRSA) 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Isolation 4) Transmitted 5) Survival times 6) Description 7) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)Survival time 7 days to >12 months 6) 7)
Meningitis 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Isolation 4) Transmitted 5) Survival times 6) Description 7) Gram + or - 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) diplococci 7) - A true infection emergency Pathogen in CSF
Pseudomonas, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Acinetobacter, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Moraxella, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Aeromonas, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Xanthomonas, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Legionella, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Aspergillus, associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Fusariumspp., associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
atypical (nontuberculosis)mycobacteria. associated with serious disease and can potentially be transmitted directly or indirectly from faucets and sinks or through inhalation of aerosols, such as those generated from construction activities or from showerheads
Created by: JRWeidenaar