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P Mylin Study Stack

Musculoskeletal System

Any body part attached to a main structure appendage
Place of union between two or more bones; also called joint articulation
Spongy or porous structure, as found at the ends of long bones cancellous
Ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles cruciate ligaments
Production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow hematopoiesis
ankyl/o stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o curve, swayback
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ped/o foot; child
ped/i foot; child
scoli/o crooked, bent
thorac/o chest
acromi/o acromion (projection of scapula)
brachi/o arm
calcane/o calcanium (heel bone)
carp/o carpus (wrist)
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of cervix)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
dactyl/o fingers; toes
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller bone of lower leg)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium (later, flaring portion of hip bone)
ischi/o ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
lumb/o loins (lower back )
metacarp/o metacarpus (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsus (foot bones)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
phalang/o phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
pod/o foot
pub/o pelvis bone (anterior part of pelvic bone)
radi/o radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
spondyl/o vertebrae (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebrae (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
tibi/o tibia (larger bone of lower leg)
leiomy/o smooth muscle (visceral)
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
rhabd/o rod-shaped (striated)
rhabdomy/o rod-shaped (striated muscle)
chondr/o cartilage
fasci/o band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-asthenia weakness; debility
-blast embryonic cell
-clasia to break; surgical fracture
-clast to break
-desis binding, fixation (of bone or joint)
-malacia softening of the bone
-physis growth
-porosis porous
-scopy visual examination
a- without, not
dys- bad; painful; difficult
sub- under, below
supra- above; excessive; superior
syn- union, together, joined
Stiffening and immobility of a joint ankylosis
Compression of median nerve within the carpal tunnel carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
Lameness, limping claudication
Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint contracture
Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing tohether, indicating a fracture or joint destruction crepitation
Use of electrical stimulation to record the strength of muscle contraction electromyography
Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms exacerbation
Tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist ganglion cyst
Effusion of blood into a joint cavity hemarthrosis
Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching hypotonis
Primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow multiple myeloma
Bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord osteophyte
Perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists phantom limb
Replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity prosthesis
Form of osteomalacia in children caused by Vitamin D deficiency; also called rachitis rickets
Frayment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue sequestrum
Any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it spondylolisthesis
Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues spondylosis
Tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate or complete sprain
To exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular strain
Partial or incomplete dislocation subluxation
Congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side; also called clubfoot talipes equinovarus
Radiograph of joint cavity (contrast material) arthrography
Radiographic procedure to measure bone mineral density bone density tests
Imaging technique to make a series of cross-sectional images of a body part computed tomography
Radiological examination of intervertebral disk (contrast medium) discography
Radiography of the five lumbar vertebrae and fused sacral vertebrae, including anteroposterior, lateral and oblique views of the lower spine lumbosacral spinal radiography
Radiography of the spinal cord (contrast medium) myelography
Nuclear medicine procedure of various tissues and organs (radionuclide) scintigraphy
Scintigraphy procedure in which radionuclide is injected intravenously and taken up into the bone bone scintigraphy
Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position reduction
Manipulation - not surgery closed reduction
Using surgery open reduction
Application of a solid, stiff dressing to immobilize while healing casting
Application of an orthopedic device for immobilization, stabilization, and protection splinting
Weights and pulleys to align or immobilize and facilitate healing process traction
Partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or circulatory disease amputation
Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid arthrocentesis
Surgical breaking of ankylosed joint to provide movement arthroclasia
Visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structures arthroscopy
Implanting or transplanting bone tissue bone grafting
Excision of bursa bursectomy
Excision of posterior arch of vertebra laminectomy
Repeated surgery to correct a previous surgery revision surgery
Repeated surgery to correct bone infection, misalignment of bones, broken prosthesis, and fractures of bone around the prosthesis bone revision surgery
Excision of sequestrum (segment of necrosed bone) sequestrectomy
Excision of a synovial membrane synovectomy
Treat and prevent hypocalcemia calcium supplements
Treat rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting activity within the immune system gold salts
Decrease pain and suppress inflammation NSAIDs
Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation salicylates
Relieve muscle spasms and stiffness skeletal muscle relaxants
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
AK above the knee
BE barium enema; below elbow
BK below the knee
C1, C2... 1st cervical vertebra, 2nd...
Ca calcium, cancer
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
CT computed tomography
DEXA, DXA dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
DJD degenerative joint disease
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
MG Myosthenia Gravis (muscular weakness)
HD hip disarticulation
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)
HP hemipelvectomy
IM intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis
IV intravenous
L1, L2... 1st lumbar vertebra, 2nd....
LS lumbosacral spine
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mitral stenosis,;mental status
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
ORTH, ortho orthopedics
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
RA rheumatoid arthritis; right atrium
RF rheumatoid factor; radio frequency
ROM range of motion
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TRAM transverse rectus abdominis muscle
Created by: pmylin