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Med Term Mod15

Pathology, Lab/Clinical Procedures, & Doctors

QuestionAnswer
achondroplasia inherited disorder in which bones of arms & legs fail to grow to normal size; achondroplastic dwarf
bunion abnormal swelling of medial aspect of joint between big tow & st metatarsal bone
bursitis inflammation of a bursa surrounding a joint
carpal tunnel syndrome compression, by a wrist ligament, of median nerve as it passes between ligament, bones & tendon of wrist
Colles fracture broken bone occuring in wrist at lower end of radius
comminuted fracture broken bone is splintered/crushed into several pieces
dislocation displacement of a bone from its joint; bones no longer articulate with eachother
kyphosis abnormal condition of outward curcature (convexity) of thoracic spine
lordosis forward curvature of lumbar spinal column; in extreme form it is known as "swayback"
Lyme disease chronic, recurrent disorder marked by severe arthritis, myalgias, neurologic & cardiac symptoms; caused by a deer tick
osteodystrophy abnormal development of bone
osteogenic sarcoma malignant (cancerous) tumor arising from bone tissue; osteoblasts multiply forming large, bony tumors especially at the end of long bones (1/2 of lesions located just below/above knee)
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone & bone marrow secondary to infection
rheumatoid arthritis chronic, autoimmune disease of joints, marked by pain & inflammation
scoliosis abnormal condition of lateral (sideways) curvature of spine
spondylolisthesis forward slipping/subluxation of one vertebra over another
sprain trauma to a joint with pain, swelling & injury to ligaments
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) autoimmune disease in which collagen in connective tissue throughout body becomes chronically inflamed,
talipes foot is fixed in an abnormal position due to a congenital deformity of ankle & foot
occurs most often in children at ends of long bones in legs/arms; occurance in adults usually as result of open fracture osteomyelitis
lesion begins as inflammation with pus collection, pus spreads down medullary cavity & out to periosteum course of osteomyelitis
antibiotic therapy corrects condition if treated quickly treatments for osteomyelitis
common in women, due to estrogen deficiency during menopause; lack of estrogen promotes excessive bone reabsorption & less bone deposition osteoporosis
talipes equinovarus clubfoot, most common form of talipes
infant cannot stand with sole of foot flat on the ground talipes
orthopedic splinting in early months of infancy, or if that fails surgery treatments for talipes
chondromalacia patellae softening & roughening of articular cartilaginous surface of kneecap; pain, grating sensation & mechanical "catching" behind patella
osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease
occurs mainly in hips & knees of aged; marked by narrowing of joint space osteoarthritis
asprin & analgesics to reduce pain & inflammation along with PT to loosen joints treaments for osteoarthritis
end-stage osteoarthritis is most common reason for joint replacement surgery/total joint arthroplasty
bursa often develops over the site & chronic inflammation from ill-fitting shows can cause build up of soft tissue & underlying bone characteristics of a bunion
changing shoes, use of anti-inflammatory agents, or lastly removal of bony exostosis & associated soft tissue treatments for a bunion
acromioclavicular dislocation disruption of articulation between acromion & clavicle
shoulder dislocation disruption of articulation between head of humerus & glenoid fossa of scapula
hip dislocation disruption of articulation between head of femur & acetabulum of pelvis
reduction is treatment for a dislocation
Lyme disease is also known as Lyme arthritis
cause is a spirochete (bacterium) carried by a tick Lyme disease
may also involved damage to blood vessels, muscles, tendons & nerves sprain
greenstick fracture bone is partially broken, only on one surface & only bends on the other; occurs in children
Created by: lfrancois