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AP Ch.11 Industry

QuestionAnswer
does steel rust no
does iron rust yes
taking cotton and spinning it into thread by spools textile
what 3 things do you need access to in order to industrialize land , labor, capital (money)
age of a lot of prosterity gilded age
industry and manufacturing were at their height in the United States in the late _____________________ and early ________________ 1800s and 1900s
production increased greatly due to _______________ fordism
assembly line production of identical commodities by a rigidly controlled and specialized labor force for mass markets fordism
fordism increased efficiency and made goods ______________________ cheaper
industry had been concentrated around _______________________ to ______________________ Pennsylvania to Michigan
called the ______________________ because the industries were left to rust Rust Belt
because land, labor, and capital are more desirable in _______________, the United States has become less industrialized LDCs
what kind of industries is the US economy based on and give some examples service industries- sales, telecommunications, banking
what is the benefit of service industries low/no transportation cost
in comparison to other things situation location
specific place site location
who do manufacturers try to locate their factories close to buyers and sellers
what does every factory use to make their product and give some examples inputs- materials, energy, machinery, supporting services
an industry in which the inputs weighs more than the final product bulk-reducing industry
where doe bulk-reducing industries need to be located to and why source of inputs to minimize transportation costs
what are some examples of bulk- reducing copper and steel
industry that makes something that gains volume or weight during production bulk-gaining industry
where do bulk-gaining industries need to be located near where the product is sold to minimize transportation costs
what are some examples of bulk-gaining industries fabricated metals and beverage production
what is the largest market for fabricated metals and machinery motor vehicles
where must perishable products be located near the market (Von Thunen Model)
why is newspaper a "perishable" good the news has a certain date
what type of transportation is used for short distance deliveries trucks
what type of transportation is used for 1+ days, longer to load, no daily rests rail
what type of transportation is used for long distance, slower than land based ships
used for speedy delivery , small, high value packages air
the spatial concentration of people and activities for mutual benefit agglomeration
each new firm added will lead to further development of infrastructure and linkages multiplier effect
benefits of agglomeration similar or interrelated companies nearby, pools of skilled and ordinary labor, capital, infrastucutre
disadvantages of agglomeration congestion, high land values, pollution, increased government, pollution, high land values
when its more profitable for a company to be in an isolated location deglomeration
3 site factors land, labor, capital
what type of factory is most efficient one story buildings
why do factories need to be near major highways for trucks
environmental factors of the land climate, cultural facilities, low cost energy
_______________ billion workers are engaged in industry globally 1/2
what fraction of china's population is in the work force 1/4
what fraction of India's population is in the work force 1/5
what fraction of MDCs are in the work force 1/5
wages and compensation for labor is a high percentage of total expenses labor intensive industries
what are some examples of labor intensive industries apparel and textiles
investment in business capital
where does 1/4 of all the capital in the US go silicon valley
what does a business usually begin with a loan
turning over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers outsourcing
many American companies have moved much of their operations to India because of ______________________ cheap labor
trying to bring companies to them export-processing zones
type of ______________________________ set up generally in developing countries by their governments to promote industrial and commercial eports free trade zone
who owns most maquiladoras US
foreign owned company located in the US- Mexico border region maquiladoras
why do companies set up maquiladoras cheaper labor, favorable tax breaks (NAFTA), lax environmental regulations, close to markets at minimal cost
what are 3 other government policies part of site factors education/ funding, taxes/subsidies, environmental regulations
what did the novel The Jungle expose working conditions of workers in meat packing plants
what happened at the triangle shirt waist factory and why did so many people die fire broke out and led to the death of 146 women and young girls because they worked with the doors and windows locked
predicting where business will or should be located location theory
what 6 factors must a location consider source of suppliers, political-cultural climate, labor, market, transportation, power supply
who came up with the least cost theory Alfred Weber
location where all of the costs are the lowest optimum location
if a factory is closer to raw materials then it is _______________ bulk-reducing
if a factory is closer to the market then it is _____________________ bulk-gaining
______________ and _________________ are the most important factors distance and weight
high labor costs _________ profit reduce ( dangerous jobs & more education)
similar businesses cluster in the same area and businesses support each other agglometation
weber's 5 assumptions uniformity, one product/ market, raw materials, infinite/ immobile labor, fixed transportation rules
Created by: dancer2024
 

 



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