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Hinduism Study Stack

What is Sanskrit? The language of sacred Hindu Scripture
What is a Caste? (Definition-not system) Fixed social class into which a person is born
What is a guru? Thinker or teacher who lives in forest to think and talk about religious ideas.
What are the Vedas? Hymns and holy scriptures of the Aryans.
What are the Upanishads? Writings of the gurus and their students in 800 BCE.
What is Karma? Effect of a person's action in this and in previous lives.
What is Dharma? Duty- doing what is right and avoiding doing harm to other living things.
What is Reincarnation? Rebirth of soul into a new body after death.
What is a Hindu? One who follows Hinduism. One who follows the religion of India.
What is Moksha? Liberation from reincarnation when one's soul becomes one with Brahman. State of joy when the soul becomes one with Brahman and is free from cycle of reincarnation.
Who are the Brahmins? How do they serve in the caste? Body part that it points to on the Caste? They are the priest and teachers. They are the thinkers-serve with brains. Body part it points to is the head.
Who are the Kshatriyas? How do they serve in the caste? Body part that it points to on the Caste? They are the rulers and warriors. They serve with their muscles. Body part it points to is the arm or bicep.
Who are the Vaishyas? How do they serve in the caste? Body part that it points to on the Caste? They are the landowners, bankers, and merchants. They serve with their hands. Body part it points to is the hands.
Who are the Sudras?How do they serve in the caste? Body part that it points to on the Caste? They are the farmers, laborers, servants. They serve on their feet. Body part it points to is the feet.
Who are the Dalits (Untouchables)?How do they serve in the caste? Body part that it points to on the Caste? People who clean toilets and butcher animals. They are walked on by society. They are below the body.
Is Hinduism is monotheistic or polytheistic? Why? Hinduism is monotheistic. Hindus believe that all its gods are forms of Brahman, the supreme God.
Who is Brahman? Supreme God and source of all things who takes many forms.
Who is Brahma? God and form of Brahman who CREATED universe and man.
Who is Vishnu? God and form of Brahman who PRESERVES and maintains creation.
Who is Shiva? God and form of Brahman with power to DESTROY and recreate.
What are the similarities and differences between the Vedas and the Upanishads? Similarities- Both written in Sanskrit. Both are sacred texts of Hindus. Vedas- originally passed on by word of mouth. Interpreted by Brahmins. Original author unknown. Upanishads- Written down from start. Interpreted by anyone. Authored by gurus.
What are the reasons why Hinduism spread through India and South East Asia? Flexibility to accept new gods as different forms of Brahman= religious freedom. Did not require regular attendance at religious services-worship was in home and at local temple. Spread by traders/priest/people who moved to new lands.
What are the 4 goals of Hinduism? Dharma- performing Caste duties and doing what is right. Strive for well being or earning a livelihood with dignity and honesty. Pleasure in moderation. Moksha- liberation from reincarnation, want, fear, and pain and union of soul with Brahman.
What are the 3 paths to Moksha? Knowledge- understanding one's soul and oneness with Brahman. Works- performing religious duties to bring good karma. Devotion- loving a Hindu god through offerings, pilgrimage, mantra.
Why is being moral important to Hindus? (Incorporate dharma, karma, amd moksha) Moral behavior means you are following dharam (which leads to) Good Karma (which leads to) Moksha.
Created by: ademich