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Chap 11 MedTerm

Cardiovascular Systen

QuestionAnswer
Veins carry blood back to the heart
ven/o veins
phleb/o veins
arteries carry blood away from the heart
arteri/o arteries
Pulmonary circulation blood through vessels from the heart to the lungs and then back to the heart again (blood picks up oxygen, blood loses carbon dioxide)
Systemic circulation pathway of blood from the heart to the tissue capillaries and back to the heart (blood loses oxygen to cells; blood picks up carbon dioxide)
aorta largest artery in the body (left side of the heart pump the blood out of the heart)
Pulse points Brachial artery, Femoral artery, Politeal artery (back of knee), Dorsalis pedis artery, Posterior tibial artey
Aneurysm Widening and weakening of the artery wall
(system circulation) How does blood return to the heart?
Varicose veins abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs
thrombophlebitis inflammation in the veins by blood clots
right pulmonary artery
systole (contraction) phase of the heartbeat
diastole (relaxation) phase of the heartbeat
sphymomanometer instrument to measure blood pressure
apex of the heart lower tip of the heart
left pulmonary artery
left pulmonary veins blood from lungs to the left atrium of the heart, carries bright red blood
pulmonary trunk a vessel that arises from the right ventricle of the heart, extends upward, and divides into the right and left
atherosclerosis builds up of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on your artery walls
bradycardia resting heart rate, heart rate under 60 min per minute
heart block abnormal heart rhythm where the heart beats too slowly
congenital heart disease coarclation of the aorta, patent ductus arteriosus
congestive heart failure (CHF) inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, failure of the heart to pump blood with normal efficieny
coronary artery diease (CAD) impedance or blockage of the one or more arteries that supply blood to the heart
infarct an area of necrosis in a tissue or organ resulting from obstruction of the local circulation by a thrombus or embolus
myocardial infarction focuses on the heart muscle
endarterectomy removal of the plaque from an artery that has become narrowed or blocked
tachycardia above 100 fast heartbeat
phlebitis inflammation of veins
auscultate listening to pts lungs, heart etc. with stethoscope
arrhythmia condition of abnormal heart rhythm
petechaie small pinpoint hemorrhages
pericarditis inflammation around the heart
cyanosis abnormal condition of blue coloration of the skin
hypoxia decreased oxygen condition
whats the cause of cyanosis? hypoxia
hypercholesterolemia high levels of cholesterol in the blood stream
Created by: naldin1