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Biology 120

What provides the chemical energy that provides most cell work? The hydrolysis of ATP
Where does the energy to make atp come from? The oxidation of sugars and other reduced compounds
This energy is used to phosphorylate ADP to make ATP Ok cool, TRUE
Animal cells have 2 different types of ways to produce ATP, they are? Cellular Respiration (Aerobic) and Fermentation (Anaerobic)
What are the fundamental chemical reactions that power metabolism? Respiration and Fermentation
What breaks down glucose and produces ATP to provide the cell with a constant source of chemical energy? Metabolism
What are the 2 types of Metabolism? 1.) Anabolism: Building up. 2.) Catabolism: Breakdown (oxidation)
How does a cell get ATP? Cells have to make it, and it is an endergonic reaction.
What is phosphorylation? Change shape, change function
What are photoautotrophs? They are in plants, light energy that makes carbohydrates
What do cells use glucose for? To build fats, carbohydrates, and other compounds/cells recovery glucose by breaking down these molecules
What is the most important source of chemical potential energy in cells? Electrons
What type of bonds do reduced compounds typically have? Many C-H bonds with high potential energy
What kind of bonds do oxidized molecules typically have? Many C-O bonds with low potential energy
What is the equation for glucose? C6H12O6+6O2(yields)6CO2+6H2O+energy
The complete oxidation of one mole of glucose releases how many Kcal of energy? 686
What are the 3 types of cellular respiration? 1.) Glycolysis 2.) Krebs Cycle 3.) ETC-Oxidation phosphorlation
Created by: sara.melton747