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World War II

World War II Facts

TermDefinition
appeasement giving in to aggressive demands in order to avoid war
Winston Churchill British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II
Axis Powers the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War II
nonaggression pact an agreement between nations to not attack on another
blitzrieg a German word meaning "lightning war"; a fast, forceful style of fighting used by Germans in World War II
Allies the alliance of Britain, France, and Russia in World War II; joined by the United States after the Japaneses bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941
Battle of Britian three month air battle between Germany and Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War II; Britain victory forestalled a German invasion
Hideki Tojo Japanese nationalist and general; he took control of Japan during World War II. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
isolationism staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of the World War II
Erwin Rommel German general during World War II; he commanded the Afrika Korps and was nicknamed the desert Fox for his leadership
Battle of El Alamein World War II battle in which Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal
Dwight D. Eisenhower General; thirty-fourth president of the united States; as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during Work War 11, he led the Allied invasion of North Africa and of France
Seige of Leningrad Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War II; as many as 1 million civilians perished during the seige
Battle of Stalingrad World War II battle between invading invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the Volga Rivers; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of causalities; Germany's defeat marked a turning point in the war
Douglas MacArthur American general, he commanded US troops in the southwest Pacific during World War II and administered japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean war, until he was removed by President Truman
Bataan Death March a forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War II
Battle of Midway World War II naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victory
Battle of Guadalcanal World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter attack against Japanese forces; allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
kamikazes in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
deported forced to leave a country
Final Solution the Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union
ghetto an area where minority groups live
concentration camps detention site created for military and political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians
Holocaust the killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazi during World War II
D-Day June 6, 1944; the first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War II
V-E Day May 8, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory in Europe" during World War II
Battle of Iwo Jima World War II battle between Japanese forces and invading US troops
Battle of Okinawa World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the details of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives
Harry S Truman 33rd president of the United States; he became president upon the death of Franklin Roosevelt. He led the United States through the end of World War II and beginning of the Cold War
Hirohito Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989; he led Japan during World War II and was forced unconditional surrender following the atomic-bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagaski
V-J Day August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over japan" during World War II
Yalta Conference (February 1945) a meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War II
United Nations international organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations
Potsdam Conference a meeting of allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post-World War II Europe