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P Mylin Study Stack

Special Senses

ambly/o dull, dim
aque/o water
blephar/o eyelid
choroid/o choroid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
core/o pupil
pupill/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cycl/o ciliary body of eye; circular; cycle
dacry/o tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
lacrim/o tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
dacryocyst/o lacrimal sac
glauc/o gray
goni/o angle
irid/o iris
kerat/o horny tissue; hard; cornea
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye, vision
optic/o eye, vision
phac/o lens
phot/o light
presby/o old age
retin/o retina
scler/o hardening; sclera (white of eye)
scot/o darkness
vitr/o vitreous body (of eye)
audi/o hearing
labyrinth/o labyrinth (inner ear)
mastoid/o mastoid process
ot/o ear
salping/o tubes (usually fallopian or eustachian[auditory] tubes)
staped/o stapes
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
-acusia hearing
-cusis hearing
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-tropia turning
exo- outside, outward
hyper- excessive, above normal
Small, hard tumor developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to a sebaceous cyst chalazion
Inflammation of the conjunctiva with vascular congestion, producing a red or pink eye; may be secondary to viral, bacterial, or fungal infections or allergy conjunctivitis
Eversion, or outward turning, of the edge of the lower eyelid ectropion
Inversion, or inward turning of the edge of the lower eyelid entropion
Localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyelid, generally caused by a bacterial infection; also called STYE hordeolum
Impaired vision in dim light; also called night blindness nyctalopia
Involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated with other, more serious conditions that limit vision nystagmus
Edema and hyperemia of the optic disc usually associated with increased intracranial pressure; also called choked disc papilledema
Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
Protrusion of one or both eyeballs exophthalmos
Loss of accomodation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process presbyopia
Any disorder of retinal blood vessels retinopathy
Complete deafness anacusis
Inflammation of the inner ear that usually results from an acute febrile process labyrinthitis
Disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing Meniere disease
Perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present tinnitus
Hallucination of movement, or a feeling of spinning or dizziness vertigo
Measurement of hearing acuity at various sound wave frequencies audiometry
Part of an eye examination that determines the smallest letters that can be read on a standardized chart at a distance of 20 feet visual acuity (VA) test
Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma gonioscopy
Cosmetic surgery that removes fatty tissue above and below the eyes that commonly form as a result of the aging process or excessive exposure to the sun blepharoplasty
Artificial hearing device that produces useful hearing sensations by electrically stimulating nerves inside the inner ear; also called bionic ear cochlear implant
Method of treating cataracts by using ultrasonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed phacoemulsification
Reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation; also called myringoplasty tympanoplasty
Acc accomodation
ARMD, AMD age-related macular degeneration
Ast astigmatism
CK conductive keratoplasty; creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme)
CT computed tomography
D diopter (lens strength)
Em emmetropia
EOM extraocular movement
IOL intraocular lens
IOP intraocular pressure
LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
mix astig mixed astigmatism
Myop myopia (nearsightedness)
OD right eye
O.D. Doctor of Optometry
OS left eye
OU both eyes
PERRLA pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accomodation
RK radial keratotomy
SICS small incision cataract surgery
SLE slit lamp examination; systemic lupus erythematosus
ST esotropia
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
XT exotropia
AC air conduction
AD right ear
AS left ear
AU both ears
BC bone conduction
ENT ear, nose, and throat
NIHL noise-induced hearing loss
OM otitis media
PE pressure-equalizing (tube); physical examination; pulmonary embolism
URI upper respiratory infection
Condition caused by the destruction of hair cells, the organs responsible for hearing, caused by sounds that are "too long, too loud, or too close" noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL)
Infection of the external auditory canal otitis externa
Created by: pmylin