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P Mylin Study Stack

Respiratory System

nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
sept/o septum
sinus/o sinus, cavity
adenoid/o adenoids
tonsill/o tonsils
pharyng/o pharynx
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
trache/o trachea
bronchi/o bronchus
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
alveol/o alveolus; air sac
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o air; lung
anthrac/o coal, coal dust
atel/o incomplete; imperfect
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
lob/o lobe
orth/o straight
ox/i oxygen
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
steth/o chest
thorac/o chest
pulmon/o lung
pneumon/o air; lung
phren/o diaphragm; mind
spir/o breathe
-capnia carbon dioxide (CO2)
-osmia smell
-phonia voice
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-thorax chest
brady- slow
dys- bad; painful; difficult
eu- good, normal
tachy- rapid
Excessive acidity of body fluids acidosis
Temporary loss of breathing apnea
Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds sleep apnea
Collapsed or airless state of the lung atelectasis
Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI) coryza
Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation; also called rale crackle
Displacement of cartilage deviding the nostrils deviated nasal septum
Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage epistaxis
Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound pertussis
Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, ie. coal, stone, iron and asbestos particles pneumoconiosis
Inflammation of the pleural membrane - stabbing pain intensified by coughing pleurisy
Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant (-12 mos.) sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry oximetry
Multiple tests used to elevate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air spirometry
Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes mediastinoscopy
Test that measures partial pressure of oxygen, carbon dioxide, pH, and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample arterial blood gas (ABG)
Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias sputum culture
Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci throat culture
Nuclear scanning test primarily used to detect pulmonary emboli lung scan
Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes rhinoplasty
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity thoracentesis
Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues antihistamines
Relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain antitussives
Stimulate bronchial muscles to relas, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow bronchodilators
Act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions corticosteroids
Constrict blood vessels or nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so that air can pass more freely through the passageways decongestants
Liquify respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes expectorants
ABG arterial blood gas(es)
AP anteroposterior
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
CO 2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
EEG electroencephalogram
Hb, Hgb hemoglobin
Hx history
0 2 oxygen
PFT pulmonary function test
pH symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
T & A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
URI upper respiratory infection
VC vital capacity
CXR chest X-ray
Wheezing, shortness of breath and/or cough - in some cases the attachs become continuous - MAY BE FATAL status asthmaticus
Inability of cardio & respiratory systems to function properly and exchange C02 in lungs respiratory failure
High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway stridor
Created by: pmylin