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Chapter 15

Renaissance ¨rebirth¨; following the Middle Ages , a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.
Humanism an intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on the study of worldly subjects, such as poetry and philosophy, and on human potential and achievements
Secular having to do with worldly, as opposed to religious, matters
Baldasscre Castiglone Italian diplomat and writer; he wrote The Courtier.
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian political philosopher.
Lorenzo de Medici Florentine ruler; he supported some of the most talented Renaissance artists. He was known for his patronage and liberal mind.
Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian Renaissance sculptor, architect, painter, and poet
Raphael Italian Renaissance painter; he painted fresco, his most famous being The School of Athens
Johannes Gutenburg German inventor and printer; he invented movable type.
Desiderius Erasmus Dutch priest and humanist
Sir Thomas More English statesmen and author
William Shakespeare English dramatist and poet; he is considered one of the greatest dramatists of all time and wrote great works
Christian de Pisan French poet and author; her work The City of Women discuses the role of women in society.
Albrecht Durer German painter, engraver, and theoretician
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter; his paintings focused on landscapes and domestic life and fused the everyday with the religious
Protestant Reformation a religious movement in the 1500s that split the Christian church in western Europe and led the establishment of a number of new churches
Indulgences pardons issued by the pope of the Roman Catholic Church that could reduce a soul´s time in in purgatory
Martin Luther Greek monk whose protests against Catholic Church in 1517 led to calls for reform and to the movement known as the Reformation
Theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim God´s authority
John Calvin French protestant theologian of the Reformation
Predestination the belief that at the beginning of time of time God decided who would gain salvation
Henry VIII King of England from 1509 to 1547;Henry established the Church of England in 1532
Annulled declared invalid based on church laws
Elizabeth I Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; a skillful politician and diplomat
Counter-Reformation the Catholic Church´s series of reforms in response to the Protestantism in the mid 1500s to the early 1600s
Jesuits members of a Catholic religious order, the Society of Jesus, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534
Ignatius of Loyola Spanish Churchman and founder of the Jesuits
Council of Trent a meeting of Church leaders in the 1500s whose purpose was to clearly define Catholic doctrines for the Catholic Reformation
Charles Borromeo Archbishop of Milan from 1560 to 1584
Francis of Sales French Roman Catholic leader and preacher; he worked to win back the district of Savoy, in France, from Calvinism
Teresa of Avila Spanish Carmelite nun and one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church
Leonardo de Vinci Italian painter, sculptor, achiest, musician, and scientist.
Created by: jaqwann001