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History Chapter 15

Renaissance "rebirth"; following the middle ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning
Humanism An intellectual movement during the renaissance that focused on the study of worldly
Secular Having to do with worldly, as opposed to religious, matter
Baldassare Castiglione Indian diplomat and writer; he wrote The Courtier, one of the most important books if the Ranaissance
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian political philosopher and statesman; he wrote The Prince, witch advise rulers to separate moral
Lorenzo De Medici Florentine ruler; he sported some of the most talented Renaissance artist
Leonardo Da Vinci Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist
Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian Renaissance Sculptor, painter, architect, and poet
Raphael Italian Renaissance painter; he painted fresco, his most famous being THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS
Johannes Gutenberg German inventor and printer; he invented movable type
Desiderius Erasmus Dutch priest and humanist; he wrote on the need for pure and simple Christians life
Sir Thoman More English statement and author; he wrote UTOPIA
William Shakespeare English Dramatist and poet; he was consider one of the greatest dramatist of all time and wrote ROMEO AND JULIET
Christine De Pisan French poet and author; her work THE CITY OF WOMEN discusses the role of women in society
Albrecht Durel German painter, engraver, and theoretician; he combined Italian Renaissance
Jan Van Eyck Flemish painter; his painting focused on landscape and domestic life and fused the every day with the religious
Protestant Reformation A religious movement in the 1500s that split the christian church in western Europe
Indulgences Pardons issue by popes of the Roman Catholic Church
Martin Luther German monk who protest against the Catholic church
Theocracy A government ruled by religious leaders who claimed gods athorithy
John Calvin French protestant theologian of the reformation; he found Calvinism
Predestination The believe that at the beginning of time god will decide who would gain salvation
Henry Vlll King Of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage lead to a conflict with the pope
Annulled Declared invalid based on church laws
Elizabeth l Queen of England from 1558 to 1603 ; a skillful politician and diplomat
Counter-Reformation The catholic church service of reform in response to the spread
Jesuits Member of catholic religious order
Ignatius Of Loyola Spanish church and founder of Jesuit
Council Of Trent A meting of church leaders in 1500s
Charles Borromeo Archbishop of Milan from 1560 to 1584
Francis Of Sales French Rome catholic leader and preacher
Teresa Of Avila Spanish carmelite nun and one of the principal saints of the Roman catholic church
Created by: jorgerivera