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Renaissance Rebirth; a movement that centered on the revival of interest in classical learning
humanism Intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on studying worldly subjects
secular Having to do with worldly, as opposed to religious, matters
Baldassure Castiglione Italian diplomat and writer; wrote The Courtier
Niccoló Machiavelli Italian political philosopher and statesman; wrote The Prince
Lorenzo de Medici Italian poet and Florentine ruler; supported some of the most talented artists of the era
Leonardo da Vinci Italian painter,sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist; painted the Mona Lisa
Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian Renaissance sculptor, architect, poet, and painter; painting the Sistine Chapel
Raphael Italian Renaissance painter; painted frescos
Johannes Gutenburg German inventor and printer; invented movable type
Desiderius Erasmus Dutch priest and humanist: wrote on the need for a pure and simple Christian life
Sir Thomas More English statesman and author; wrote Utopia
William Shakespeare English dramatist and poet; wrote Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, etc.
Christine de Pisan French poet and author; wrote The City of Women
Albrecht Dürer German painter, engraver, and theoretician; combined Italian and Northern Renaissance elements
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter; His works focused on landscapes and domestic life
Protestant Reformation Religious movement that split the church in western Europe and led to the establishment of many churches
indulgences pardons issued by the pope that could reduce a soul´s time in purgatory
Martin Luther German monk; protested against the church and started the Reformation
theocracy Government run by religious leaders
John Calvin French Protestant theologian; founded Calvinism
predestination Belief that God chose who would be saved at the beginning of time
Henry VIII King of England; six wives
annulled Declared invalid based on church laws
Elizabeth I Queen of England; skillful politician and diplomat
Counter-Reformation Catholic church´s series of reforms in response to the spread of Protestantism
Jesuits Members of a catholic religious order, the Society
Ignatius of Loyola Spanish churchman; founder of Jesuits
Council of Trent Meeting of church leaders whose purpose was to clearly define Catholic doctrines
Charles Borromeo Archbishop of Milan; took steps to implement reforms
Francis of Sales French Roman Catholic leader and preacher; worked to win back Savoy
Teresa of Avila Spanish nun
Created by: wesleycarver