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Gr 7 History Ch 9

Gr 7 History Ch 9.1-9.2

TermDefinition
Middle Ages the distortion of Christianity is the most important characteristic of this period (AD 500-1500)
Paul disciple to whom Christ made a special appearance to prior to Christ ascending into heaven
apostles The original disciples (minus Judas) plus Paul were called this
Old Testament Jesus frequently quoted from this portion of the Bible as the Word of God
New Testament By about AD 100, all 27 books of this portion of the Bible had been written
koine the most common form of the Greek language
church word meaning "assembly" or "body of people"
Gentiles non-Jews
Judaism the religion of the Jews
deacons a type of leader in the church from the Greek word meaning "servant"
elders a type of leader in the church from the Greek word meaning presbuteros (meaning priest)
bishops a type of leader in the church from the Greek word meaning "overseer" or "superintendent"
apostolic authority special leaders appointed directly by Christ Himself, authorized to speak and act in His name, as long as the apostles lived
baptism Believers who had received salvation followed Christ in this command
Lord's Supper churches frequently celebrated this in remembrance of Christ
Diotrephes church leader who loved "to have preeminence" and placed himself above God's Word
catholic means "universal" or "one", was used to describe the great "invisible" church of all believers
Irenaeus a church leader in Gaul, declared around 175 that every church had to agree with the Church of Rome
apostolic succession idea of supremacy of bishops in which: 1) apostles appointed bishops as their successors, 2) these successors had in turn appointed successors of their own, 3) much of the authority of the apostles had therefore been passed down in an ubroken line
Petrine theory theory that Christ made Peter the head of the catholic church and that Peter passed this power to the bishops of Rome, the first of whom (after himself) he appointed
pope the bishop of the Church of Rome; (means "papa" or "father"
Roman Catholic Church had the idea that the bishop of the Church of Rome is supreme over all churches
Jerusalem city where the first Christian church was located and where Christans met to discuss the Gentile believers and Jewish law
New Testament church where Christ is the true head of the church
Defender of Peace famous work written by Marsilius to oppose the power of the Church of Rome
Created by: mbrennan262