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Ch. 10-WWI


What were the 4 causes of World War I? formation of alliances ; imperialism; nationalism; miltarism
Who belonged to the Triple Alliance? Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia
Who belonged to the Triple Entente? Italy, France, Great Britain
What event sparked the beginning of World War I? the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian
Which country declared war first and on what country? Austria-Hungary on Serbia
Why did Great Britain declare war on Germany? because Germany violated Belgium neutrality by invading Belgium to get to France
Where did trench warfare take place? Western Front
Who kept the Germans busy on the Eastern Front? Russia
Who belonged to the Central Powers? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
Who belonged to the Allies? France, Britain, Russia, the U.S., Serbia, Japan, Italy, and 20 other nations
Which nation switched alliances? Italy
What happened at Gallipoli? One of the worst defeats in British history
Who defeated the Germans in the Pacific and took over their colonies there? Japan
Name the new weapons of war used in World War I. the airplane, Big Bertha, the tank
When and why did the United States enter World War I? On April 6, 1917 because German submarines were sinking U.S. ships
When was the armistice signed? November 11, 1918
How many lives were lost in World War I? 8.5 million
Who were the Big Four? leaders of France, Britain, Italy and the U.S. who met at Versailles after the war
What was Wilson’s peace plan called? Fourteen Points
What was Wilson’s peacekeeping organization called? the League of Nations
Which nation wanted to punish Germany harsher? France
Which country had to take full blame for the war and pay over $37 billion in war reparations? Germany
What happened to the map of Europe after World War I? nine new nations were created in total; Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire lost lands; and five new nations were created out of lands lost by Russia
What was the name of the agreement that ended World War I? the Treaty of Versailles
World War I lasted from ________ to ________. 1914-1918
Created by: david.frost