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DC Chapter 8

Political Geography Chapter 8 Vocab Review

TermDefinition
Anocracy A country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of two types.
Autocracy A country that is run according to the interest of the ruler rather than the people.
Balance of Power A condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries.
Boundary An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory.
City-state A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediately surrounding countryside.
Colonialism An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Colony A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Compact state A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Democracy A country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office.
Elongated state A state with a long, narrow shape.
Federal state An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
Fragmented state A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
Frontier A zone separating two states in which neither state exercise political control.
Gerrymandering The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Landlocked state A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
Microstate A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Multiethnic state A state that contains more than one ethnicity.
Multinational state A state that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Perforated state A state that completely surrounds another one.
Prorupted state An otherwise compact state with a large projection extension.
Self-determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Sovereignty Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
State An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Terrorism The systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands.
Unitary state An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
Created by: Denise_
 

 



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