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What is another name for latitude? parallels
What are global grids? when latitude and longitude form a patterned of crossed lines
Whats another name for longitude? meridians
What are hemispheres? any one of four overlapping halves of the Earth
Which way do lines of latitude run? they run east and west around the Earth
Which way do lines of longitude run? they run north and south around the Earth
Where is the Tropic of Cancer located? in the Northern hemisphere, at about 23 degrees north
Where is the Tropic of Capricorn located? in the South of the equator, at about 23 degrees south
Where is the tropical zone or torrid zone located the section between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
What is the Earth's axis? an imaginary line between the North pole and the South pole
Where is the Arctic Circle located? In the Northern Hemisphere, north of 66.5 degrees north latitude
Where is the Antarctic Circle located? In the Southern Hemisphere, south of 66.5 degrees south latitude
What are the zones north of the Arctic Circle and south of the Antarctic Circle known as? Frigid Zones or Polar Regions
Where are the temperate zones located? between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer , and between the Antarctic Circle and the Tropic of Capricorn
What is an Economy? the system that a community uses to produce and distribute goods and services
What is a civilization? a complex society that has cities, a well organized government, and workers with specialized job skills
Whats another name for supplies? resources
What is religion? a set of shared beliefs about supernatural powers that created and rule the world
What are social classes? groups of people that occupy different ranks or levels in society
What is The Fertile Crescent? a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean
What does barter mean? a trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money
What is Mesopotamia? a wide, flat plain in present-day Iraq. This plain lies between two great rivers, The Tigris River and The Euphrates
What is polytheism? The belief in more than one god
What is irrigation? to supply water to crops
What are ziggurats? pyramid-shaped brick towers
What is a city-state? independent state that includes a city and its surrounding territory
What is cuneiform? a system of writing that uses triangular-shaped symbols to stand for ideas or things
What is an empire? a state containing several countries or territories
What is an alley? an independent state that works with other states to achieve a shared military or political goal
What are cultural traits? ideas or ways of doing things
What is Hammurabi's Code? a set of laws that governed life in the Babylonian empire
What is rule of law? the idea that all members of a society-even the rich and powerful-must obey the law
What is s cavalry? soldiers who fight while riding horses
What is a standing army? a permanent army of professional soldiersq
What does tribute mean? a payment made to show loyalty to stronger power
What is currency? money that is used as a medium of exchange
What is a carved stone slab or pillar that stands on end? a stele
What is a good or service sold within a country that is produced in another country? an import
What is an export? a good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country's borders
What is navigation? the art of steering a ship from place to place
What are cataracts? groups of rocky rapids
What is a delta? an area of sediment-soil or minerals carried by water
What are artisans? skilled workers who practice a handcraft
What is a pharaoh? a king
What is a dynasty? a ruling family
What is a bureaucracy? system of offices and officials that the business of government
What is a mummy? a body preserved by a special process
What is hieroglyphics? a drawing or symbol that represents a word or sound
What is papyrus? paper
What is a pyramid? structure with triangular sides
What is a sculpture? a statue or other free-standing piece of art made of clay, stone, or other materials
What is anatomy? the study of the structure of the body and its organs
What is commerce? the buying and selling of goods and services
What is ivory? a hard white material made from elephant tusks
What is interdependence? dependence by each country or group on the other
What is Meroitic script? one of the world's first alphabets
What is ebony? a black wood from West Africa, and elephant tusks
Created by: cookjoanna