Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
Monogastric having a stomach with only a single compartment
Mouth the natural opening through which food passes into the body of an animal and which in vertebrates is typically bounded externally by the lips and internally by the pharynx and encloses the tongue, gums, and teeth
Esophagus a muscular tube that conveys food from the mouth to the stomach and that in humans is about nine inches
Stomach one of the compartments making up the stomach of a ruminant animal
Small intestine the narrow part of the intestine that lies between the stomach and colon, consists of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, secretes digestive enzymes, and is the chief site of the digestion of food into small molecules which are absorbed into the body
Cecum a cavity open at one end (such as the blind end of a duct)
Large intestine the more terminal division of the vertebrate intestine that is wider and shorter than the small intestine, typically divided into cecum, colon, and rectum, and concerned especially with the resorption of water and the formation of feces
Rectum the terminal part of the intestine from the sigmoid colon to the anus
Ruminant characterized by chewing again what has been swallowed
Rumen the large first compartment of the stomach of a ruminant in which cellulose is broken down by the action of symbiotic microorganisms
Reticulum the second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells
Omasum the third chamber of the ruminant stomach that is situated between the reticulum and the abomasum
Abomasum the fourth compartment of the ruminant stomach that follows the omasum and has a true digestive function
Salivary gland a small organ that produces saliva in the mouth
Gallbladder a membranous muscular sac in which bile from the liver is stored
Pancreas a large lobulated gland of vertebrates that secretes digestive enzymes and the hormones insulin and glucagon
Cardiac valve any of the valves that control blood flow to and from the heart and that include the atrioventricular valves, the aortic valve, and the pulmonary valve
Pyloric valve the circular fold of mucous membrane containing a ring of circularly disposed muscle fibers that closes the vertebrate pylorus
Villi a small slender often vascular process
Absorption the process of absorbing something or of being absorbed
Alimentary tract the tubular passage typically extending from the mouth to the anus or cloaca that functions in digestion and absorption of food
Accessory digestive organ The accessory digestive organs are the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
Crop a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration
Proventriculus the glandular or true stomach of a bird that is situated between the crop and gizzard
Gizzard the muscular enlargement of the digestive tract of birds that has usually thick muscular walls and a tough horny lining for grinding the food and when the crop is present follows it and the proventriculus
Cloaca the common chamber into which the intestinal and urogenital tracts discharge especially in monotreme mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and elasmobranch fishes
Kidney one of a pair of vertebrate organs situated in the body cavity near the spinal column that excrete waste products of metabolism
Duodenum the first part of the small intestine extending from the pylorus to the jejunum
Pharynx the muscular tubular passage of the vertebrate digestive and respiratory tracts extending from the back of the nasal cavity and mouth to the esophagus
Liver a large very vascular glandular organ of vertebrates that secretes bile and causes important changes in many of the substances contained in the blood
Yolk sac a membranous sac of most vertebrates that encloses the yolk, is attached in most forms
Ileocecal Valve the valve formed by two folds of mucous membrane at the opening of the ileum into the large intestine
Created by: alandeross