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Digestive System

To understand what is in our system

QuestionAnswer
Monogastric A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process.
Mouth A mouth is what you put food in to eat, and water. It’s also where your teeth is at and your tongue.
Esophagus which passes food from the pharynx to the stomach, is about 25 cm (10 inches) in length; the width varies from 1.5 to 2 cm (about 1 inch).
Stomach a muscular organ located on the left side of the upper abdomen. The stomach
Small intestine is the part of the intestines where 90% of the digestion and absorption of food occurs,
Cecum to absorb fluids and salts that remain after completion of intestinal digestion and absorption and to mix its contents with a lubricating substance, mucus.
Large Intestine also known as the large bowel, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Rectum The rectum is a chamber that begins at the end of the large intestine, immediately following the sigmoid colon, and ends at the anus
Ruminant The esophagus functions bidirectionally in ruminants, allowing them to regurgitate their cud for further chewing, if necessary.
Rumen Like other vertebrates, ruminant Artiodactyla are unable to digest plant material directly, because they lack enzymes to break down cellulose in the cell walls.
Reticulum The reticulum is the second chamber in the alimentary canal of a ruminant animal
Omasum is where food particles that are small enough get transferred into the abomasum for enzymatic digestion.
Abomasum is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants. It secretes rennet,
Salivary Gland produce saliva, which keeps the mouth and other parts of the digestive system moist.
Gallbladder as a reservoir for bile while it's not being used for digestion. The bile helps the digestive process by breaking up fats.
Pancreas The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin and secretes it into the bloodstream, where it regulates the body's glucose or sugar level
Cardiac Valve which prevents food from passing from the stomach back into the esophagus
Pyloric Valve is a band of smooth muscle at the junction between the pylorus of the stomach and the duodenum of the small intestine.
Villi which increase the surface area of the intestine and contain specialized cells that transport substances into the bloodstream.
Absorption that come from the food pass through channels in the intestinal wall and into the bloodstream.
Alimentary Tract is the chief organ developing from endoderm.
Accessory Digestive Organ An organ that helps with digestion but is not part of the digestive tract. The accessory digestive organs are the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver,
Crop is an expanded, muscular pouch near the gullet or throat. It is a part of the digestive tract, essentially an enlarged part of the esophagus.
Proventriculus is part of the digestive system of birds. An analogous organ exists in invertebrates and insects.
Gizzard is made up of two sets of strong muscles that act as the bird's teeth and has a thick lining that protects those muscles
Cloaca in vertebrates, common chamber and outlet into which the intestinal, urinary, and genital tracts open.
Kidney remove wastes and extra water from the blood to form urine. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through the ureters.
Duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including .... Like other structures of the gastrointestinal
Pharynx is the portion of the digestive tract that receives the food from your mouth.
Liver has multiple functions, but its main function within the digestive system is to process the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine.
Yolk Sac is a membranous sac attached to the embryo, which provides nutrients and functions as the circulatory system of the very early
Ileocecal Valve is a sphincter muscle situated at the junction of the ileum and the colon
Created by: beestar91