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Ch.13

TermDefinition
Charlemagne King of Franks; united much of France, Germany, and northern Italy
Papal States Territories in central Italy controlled by the pope
counts Title of nobility
navigation Guidance of ships from place to place
sagas long stories about great Icelandic heroes and events
Leif Eriksson Norwegian explorer; led a group of vikings to North America
knights Nobles who were members of a lord´s armored cavalry
fief Grant of land from a lord to a vassal
vassal Person granted land from a lord in return for services
feudal system Political system based on granting land in exchange for services
fealty Loyalty owed by a vassal to his feudal lord
manorial system Economic system in the middle ages that was built around estates
serfs Peasants legally bound to their lord´s land
Alfred the Great King of Wessex; defeated Danish invaders and united Anglo-Saxon England
William the Conqueror King of England; powerful French noble who brought England feudalism
Domesday Book Written record of English landowners and their property mabe in order by William the Conqueror
Eleanor the Aquitaine Queen of France and England; most powerful woman in Europe in the middle ages
Magna Carta Charter agreed by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the king´s power
Parliament Governing body of England
Hugh Capet King of France; elected to succeed King Louis V
Otto the Great King of Germany; defeated the Magyar army
Reconquista Effort of Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain
piety Devotion to one´s religion
pontificate Papal term in office
Pope Gregory VII Roman Catholic Pope; his assertion of church power led to conflict with Henry IV
Henry IV King of Germany; excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII
Created by: wesleycarver