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Chapter 9&17

TermDefinition
Bedounis small groups of nomadic people in Arabia
Muhammad Prophet of Islam whom Muslims recognize as Allah's messenger to all humankind
Hegira Mohammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Islam a monotheistic religion whose prophet is Muhammad and whose holy book is the Qur´an
Muslims followers of Islam
Qur´an the sacred text of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam behaviors and obligations that are common to all Muslims, which include the profession of faith
Mosque a building for Muslim prayer
Jihad ¨struggle for the faith¨ , can be thought as an individual or common struggle
Abu Bakr First Muslim caliph
Caliph ¨successor to the Prophet¨; title given to the political and religious leader of Muslims
Caliphate area ruled by a caliph
Umayyad first ruling dynasty over the Muslim Caliphate
Sunnis ¨people who follow the Sunna (way of the Prophet)¨
Shia a branch of Islam whose adherents believe that the caliphate must go to a descendant
Sufis a branch of Islam emphasizing a personal, mystical connection with God
Abbasid dynasty that overthrew the Umayyad dynasty to rule the Muslim caliphate from 750 to 128
Harun al-Rashid Fifth Abbasid caliph (ruled 786 to 809); under his rule, the Abbasid dynasty reached its height and Islamic culture experience a flowering
Ghazis warriors for the Islamic faith
Ottomans ruling dynasty of the Ottoman Empire (1293-1922), named for Osman I , the founder; at the Empires height, the Ottomans ruled a vast area
Sultan title for the ruler of the Ottoman Empire
Jainissaries highly trained soldiers in the elite guard of the Ottoman Empire
Mehmed ll Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1444 to 1446 and again from 1451 to 1481. He helped conquer Constinople
Suleyman l Sultan for the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566; he expanded the empire and took on large economic affairs
Shah name given to a king of Safavid Empire
´Abbas Shah of the Safavid Empire in Persia he has lead many military victories and has skilled administration brought about a golden age
Babur Founder of the Mughal empire of India
Mughal Empire a Muslim empire in India
Akbar the Great Mughal emperor of India he enlarged his empire to include nearly all of the Indian peninsula
Sikhism an Indian religion founded in the late 1400s whose beliefs blend elements of Hinduism and Islam
Shah Jahan Mughal emperor of India from 1628 to 1658; under its rule the empires power reached its peak
Taj Mahal a mausoleum built by India's Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Aurangzeb Mughal emperor who made Mughal´s power extend its greatest extent
Created by: jaqwann001