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WH: Unit 11

Political Revolutions

TermDefinition
Old Regime The political system and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
Estates One of the three social classes in France before the French Revolution, 1st estate consisting of clergy, 2nd estate nobility, and 3rd rest of the population
Estates-General An assembly of representatives from all the three estates or social classes in France
National Assembly A French congress established by representatives of the third estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
Great Fear Wave on senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Legislative Assembly French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the Constitution of 1791
Reign of Terror Period from 1793-1794, when Maximilien Robespierre ruled France as a director and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed
Napoleonic Code Comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon
Battle of Trafalgar Naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by the British fleet
Continental System Napoleon policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe intended to destroy Great Britain's economy
Battle of Waterloo Battle begun in Belgium in 1815 in which the British and Prussians defeated the French, Napoleon Bonaparte was later captured and sent into exile.
Hundred Days Brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France
Congress of Vienna Series of meetings in 1814-1815, during which European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon
Balance of Power Political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to to others
Concert of Europe A series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
Conservative Wealthy European landowner or noble who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
Liberal Middle Class European business leader or merchant, who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments
Radical European who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all people
Nationalism Belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation and to the people with whom they share a culture and history rather than to a king or an empire
Nation State Independent geological unit of people having a common culture and identity
Created by: gibsonally