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ANPY 101 Ivy Tech Chapter 5

hist/o web, tissue
histology study of composition and function of tissues
psued/o false
pseudostratified epithelium tissue with cells that appear to be in layers, but are not
strat/o layer
Structures that connect cell membranes. intercellular juctions
Membranes of adjacent cells converge and fuse in what type of intercellular junction? tight juction
A type of intercellular junction that rivets or spot welds cells enabling them to form a reinforced structural unit. desmosome
A type of intercellular junction that connects cells by tubular channels. gap junctions
Four major tissue types:
Groups or layers of cells with similar origin and common function. Tissues
Three types of muscle tissue. Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Connective tissue proper Loose connective tissue and dense connective tissue.
Specialized connective tissue. Cartilate, Bone, Blood
Tissue type that lacks blood vessels; readily divides; and cells are tightly packed. Epithelial tissue
Most abundant tissue type; cells are far apart. Connective tissue
Tissue type that is able to contract in response to specific stimuli. Muscle tissue
Tissue type with cells that communication with each other and other body parts. Nervous tissue
What are the functions of cartilage? Protects underlying tissue and provides support and framework for the body.
What best describes simple cuboidal epithelium? A single layer of cube-shaped cells.
What is the basic function of epithelial tissue? Protective covering, secretion, absorption
What is the basic function of connective tissue? Support soft tissue; bind structures together
What is the basic function of muscle tissue? Produce body movements
What is the basic function of nervous tissue? Coordinate and control body activities
What type of connective tissue that stores energy in the form of fat, cushions against trauma, and insulates against temperature changes? Adipose tissue
Where do most blood cells form? In the hemopoietic tissue in the red marrow of certain bones.
What type of fibers are produced by fibroblasts? Collagen fibers, elastic fibers and reticular fibers.
What type of fibers are thick threads, produced by fibroblasts, and are the major structural protein of the body. Collagen fibers
What are the three types of cartilage, distinguished by their types and extracellular matrix? 1. Hyaline cartilage, most common, has very fine collagen fibers 2. Elastic cartilage, more flexible than hyaline, its extracellular matrix has dense network of elastic fibers. 3. Fibrocartilage, a tough tissue, many collagen fibers. Shock absorber.
The most common type of cartilage. Hyaline cartilage.
Type of tissue that protects organs in body cavities, provides attachments for muscles, forms blood cells, and stores inorganic chemicals such as calcium and phosphorus. Bone tissue
Blood mostly composed of Plasma and formed elements
Some functions of blood. Defense agains pathogens, blood clotting and transport of gases
What type of cartilage is the most flexible due to its dense network of thin stretch fibers? Elastic cartilage
What is the extracellular fluid matrix component of blood Plasma
Created by: spritle