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Chapter 5

TermDefinition
Polis A city-state of ancient Greece
Acropolis A walled, high area surrounding a polis
Agora An open are that served as a meeting place and market in early Greek city-states
Helots In ancient Greece, state slaves
Hoplites Foot soldiers in ancient Greece
Hubris Great pride
Democracy A government run by the people
Solon Athenian states-man; introduced the first democracy in Greece
Tyrant A strong man who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of people
Cleisthenes Ancient Greek ruler: thought of being the "Father of Democracy"
Direct Democracy The type of government system were all people vote directly on an issue
Archon A chief of state of ancient Athens
Phalanx A military formation composed of rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder carrying pikes or heavy spears
Pericles Athens statesman; encouraged spread of democracy
Socrates Greek philosopher of Athens; his teaching style was based on asking questions, wanted people to question their beliefs
Plato Greek philosopher; Student of Socrates, The Republic he describes an ideal society run by philosophers as kings
Aristotle Greek philosopher and student of Plato; he taught that logic was the tool necessary for any inquiry
Reason Clear and order thinking
Logic The process of making inferences
Homer Greek poet; wrote the poems Iliad and the Odyssey
Lyric Poetry A type of poetry that gained its name from from the Lyre, an instrument played while the poetry was sung
Herodotus Greek historian; his most famous work is the histories
Thucydides Greek historian of Athens; wrote the history of Peloponnese
Alexander the Great King of Macedon and conqueror of much of Asia; considered one of the greatest generals of all time
Hellenistic The blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and central Asia following the conquest of Alexander the Great
Euclid Greek geometry; created practical books and geometric forms and mathematics
Eratothenes Greek astronomer and geographer; HE calculated the circumference of the globe
Archimedes Greek mathematician and inventor; know for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics
Created by: parkerhenderson1