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Unit 4 Chapter 7

Ethnciitiy

TermDefinition
Achieved Status Status people acquire through own individual accomplishments in life
Apartheid Laws in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Ascribed Status status people enter automatically without choice, usually at birth or some special event in life
Attitudinal Discrimination Discrimination against a group based on its existence as a group
Balkanization A process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Blockbusting process real estates convince white property owners sell houses at low prices due to fear of poc will move into neighborhood
Centripetal force attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Ethnic Cleansing policy designed by 1 ethnic/religious group to remove by violent means the civilian population of another or ethnic group from geographic areas
Ethnicity identity with a group of people who share cultural traditions of a particular homeland/hearth
Genocide deliberate elimination of a group through mass murder
Ghetto neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by jews
Hispanic Someone from or ancestors from a Spanish speaking country
Institutional Discrimination Discrimination against a group as a whole
Multiethnic state
Multinational State A state comprised of more than 1 ethnic and self determination traditions
Nationalism loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
Nationality identity with a group of people who share legal attachment to a particular country
Nation-State A state whose territory corresponds to those occupied by a particular ethnicity
Plural Society A society with multiple ethnicities
Prejudice discrimination against someone based off of physiological traits
Race identity with a group of people who are perceived to share a physiological trait, such as skin color
Racism The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits, and racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Racist A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism
Self-determination Ethnic ways to govern themselves
Sharecropper A person who works fields rented form a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of crops
Status
Triangular slave trade A practice (18th century) which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa
White flight the phenomenon of white people moving out of urban areas, particularly those with significant minority populations, and into suburban areas.
Created by: jasminalei