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Pre AP History

Unit 2 Study Q&A Discovery

Papyrus A reed plant that grows wild along Nile
Tribute payment made to a ruler or state as a sign of surrender, submission, or protection.
Hieroglyphics A writing system made up of pictures and sound symbols
Pyramid great stone tomb for Egyptian Pharaohs
Nile Yearly flooding, Predictable, Irrigation systems;Encourages, Trade, Communication, Political unity; Impact on religion, divided life (living and dying). •East (sunrise) is land of the living - cities, temples • West (sunset) is land of the dead - tombs
Sahara Largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa, no one can survive there without adequate supplies, Egypt is located in the Sahara.
Cataract A waterfall or rapids in a river
Delta A fan-shaped area of silt near where a river flows into the sea
Pharaoh Ruler of ancient Egypt
Savanna flat grassland, few to no trees within tropical /subtropical region
Dynasty (remember "duck") A line of rulers/controllers from one family
Mummy the dead body of a human being or animal preserved by the ancient Egyptian process or some similar method of embalming.
Embalming the process of treating a body to prevent it from decaying
Deity a god or goddess
Hapi God of rivers and annual flooding, revolved around life, cult, father of gods
King Khufu The largest pyramid was made by King Khufu in 2600 B.C.E..
Narmer The king whoo successfully unified Lower and Upper Egypt.
Ahmose Ahmose I expelled the invading Hyksosand reunited Egypt; Known as the Empire period; development of “public” and “private” zones at temples.
Ramses II greatest New Kingdom ruler • military leader of Egypt • expanded into southern Turkey • built many monuments to himself • last gasp of Egyptian power.
King Tut Reverted Egypt back to Polytheism after his father changed the religion to one god—the sun disk known as Aten.
Amenhotep Created a capital, ruled for 17 yrs, was generally educated.
Hatshepsut First Female Pharaoh, role model for female rulers, ensured economic prosperity.
Thutmose III Treated people well, learned military tactics at a young age, worshipped by his people long after death,
Isis Wife of Osiris, Believed to help the dead when they enter the afterlife, First mummification and other funeral practices, Emotions of death, Cult of Philae.
Howard Carter Man who discovered King Tut's Tomb in November 1922. (British)
Upper Egypt Land below, water went north
Lower Egypt Land above, water went south
Nubia Trade since Old Kingdom, Egypt relied on their gold, Nubia relied on Egyptian grain, King Piye conquered Egypt cities until declared himself Pharaoh, Had its capital city Napa destroyed by Egyptians, Created one of the first alphabets, Conquered by Aksum.
Explain the rights of women in Egypt compared to Mesopotamia. Unlike Mesopotamia, Egyptian women could own property and were legally at court, equal to men. However, Ancient Egypt was a society dominated by men.
How were slaves in the New Kingdom different from the slaves of Colonial America? The slaves of the New Kingdom were citizens of places they conquered, and slaves of Colonial America were kidnapped from their homeland.
Explain the process of becoming a mummy. Embalming that the ancient Egyptians use is called mummification. The steps are: 1. Embalming; 2. Removal of brain; 3. Removal of internal organs; 4. Dry; 5. Wrap
What natural barriers protected Egypt from invasion? •The Delta •The Sahara •The Rapids •The Mediterranean •The Red Sea
Explain the Gifts of the Nile. Ex. Papyrus, water, soil, religion, protection, ect.
List some interesting facts about the Nile. The longest river in the world; flows through Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, Burundi; 4,160 miles;
What the importance of the pyramids and the objects inside? The pyramids were where Pharaohs were buried after they died. It was believed that they went to rule the afterlife and the need their possessions with them.
List four major gods of the Egyptian Religion. Ra-sun, Hapi-rivers and annual flooding Isis-Help the deceased Thoth-Education
Explain the growth of Kush. When the Egyptians pulled out of the Napata region, they left a lasting legacy that was merged with indigenous customs, forming the kingdom of Kush.
What were the different names for each time period of Egyptian History? Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
What is the Book of the Dead and why is it important? Series of written spells that Egypt believed helped them in the afterlife. It is important because it is like a bible for Egyptians.
List the inventions/achievements of the Egyptians. Papyrus, hieroglyphics, Rosetta Stone, meads, tech., etc.
Who were the Hyksos? Who defeated them? Immigrants who settled in the eastern Nile Delta some time before 1650 BC. (Soon became apart of Egypt) In 1550 B.C.E. Ahmose defeated the Hyksos and was now Pharaoh of Egypt.
List the medical advancements of the Egyptians. Dentist, surgeon, physician, papryi, and practice of pharmacology.
Explain the importance of geography on Egypt. Without the Nile, Egypt wouldn't have survived. It provided life and supplies to build a major empire.
Explain the fall of Egypt. In the aftermath of Alexander's death, ruled Egypt until 30 BC, when, under Cleopatra, it fell to the Roman Empire and became a Roman province
Explain the fall of Kush. Meroe is abandoned; Kingdom of Kush has fallen.
Compare and contrast the GRAPES of Mesopotamia and Egypt Same: Seasonal flooding, Polytheism, Temples throughout, Brick builders, Irrigation, Invented tools, Paid taxes, Made laws, monarchy, Trade Differ: Meso.; Clay tablets to write, Can’t pay up, slave up (3); Egypt; Papyrus to write hieroglyphics, Pharaoh
Created by: 23ayre