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Middle Ages

Module 11-Middle Ages

What did Monasteries lead? spiritual revival
What did Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII enforced on the Church? laws against simony and the marriage of priests.
In the early 1200s, wandering friars traveled from place to place preaching and spreading what? Church's ideas
What is simony the selling or buying of a position in a Christian church
Who was Richard the Lion-Heart? King of England from 1189 to 1199; he fought in the Holy Land against Saladin during the Third Crusade. He eventually ceased fighting and returned to England.
What was the three-field system? a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farmland was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, planted with a spring crop, and left unplanted.
What is a Guild? a medieval association of people working in the same occupation, which controlled its member’ wages and prices
What was a Burgher? a medieval merchant-class town dweller
What was the Vernacular? the everyday language of people in a region or country
What was the Commercial Revolution? the expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies
What was the Magna Carta? “Great Charter”- a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John in AD 1215.
Who was William the Conqueror? king of England from 1060 to 1087; he has the powerful French noble who conquered England and brought feudalism to England.
Who was Henry II? king of England reigned 1154-1189; married to Eleanor of Aquitaine, and father of Richard the Lionheart and John.
What was a Parliament? a body of representatives that makes law for a nation.
Who was Philip II? first of the great Capetian kings, he reigned French lands from the English and strengthened the central government of France.
What was the Great Schism? a division in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome
What was Black Death? a deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid- 14th century, killing millions of people
Who was Joan of Arc? french soldier and national heroine; she rallied the French troops during the Hundred Years War and was burned at the stake for heresy
What was the Hundred Years’ War? a conflict in which England and France battled on Fresh soil on and off from 1337 to 1453
What was the Great Famine? 1315-1317, a prolonged period of major crop failure that led to mass starvation in the Northern Europe
Created by: 23jcarbone