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MWH Unit 2

PreColumbian Societies

Mandate of Heaven Chinese idea that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at a time, and that this ruler had the blessing of the gods.
Emperor Hongwu founder of the Ming dynasty, centralized power and built up infrastructure
Infrastructure system of public works in a country ( roads, sewage systems, water systems, etc)
Great Wall ancient series of walls and fortifications, totaling more than 13000 miles in length, located in northern China. Construction started during the Qin dynasty (circa 200 BC) and continued through the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Forbidden City imperial palace in Beijing, This was the capital of the Ming Dynasty . Only the emperor had full access to the palace.
Grand Canal man-made waterway connects the two major rivers of China: the Huang He River and the Yangtze River.
Censorship the suppression or prohibition of information (books, news, etc.) that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security.
Tribute money or items given by one country to another. When countries are forced to pay tribute it is a sign of one country establishing dominance over the other.
Admiral Zheng He Chinese naval commander of seven naval expeditions In the early 1400s. Sailed to the east coast of Africa.
Babur a descendant of Genghis Khan, founder of the Mughal Dynasty in India
Akbar nicknamed the Great, golden age ruler of the Mughals, practiced religious tolerance.
Taj Mahal built as a mausoleum for Sha Jahan’s favorite wife. Mughal monumental architecture, financially drained the empire.
Hegemony the dominance of one group over another in culture, economics and politics.
Janissaries elite soldiers in the Ottoman Empire. They were young eastern European boys who were taken as tribute and turned into soldiers for the Ottoman Sultans
Mehmed II Founder of the Ottoman Empire, conquered Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul
Suleiman the Magnificent golden age ruler of the Ottoman Empire, expanded territory, practiced religious tolerance, supported the arts
Hagia Sophia originally a Byzantine Orthodox Christian cathedral, converted to a mosque after the conquest of Constantinople.
Songhai Empire West African trade empire, flourished on the Niger River from the 1400’s to the 1500’s.
Stateless societies groups of people with non-traditional political organizations (tribal groups, hunter-gathers for example)
Berbers nomadic herding group located in North Africa, converts to Islam who spread Islam across North Africa to Spain
Created by: amygilstrap7