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Chapter 4

Subcontinent A large landmass that is part of a continent but is considered an independent entity either geographically or politically
Monsoons Seasonal winds in India
Citadel A fortress
Vedas Sacred writings of the Indo- Aryans
Rajas Leaders of ancient cities in India
Varnas The four social classes in Vedic Society
Castes Social classes in the ancient Indian class system
Hinduism The largest religion in India; Hindus believe that everything in the world is a power of Brahmas, the single great universe being;they also believe in reincarnation and strive to break free from the cycle of rebirth
Reincarnation In Hinduism, the belief that after one dies, the soul is reborn into a different form
Karma In Hinduism, the totality of a person's good and bad deeds and the way in which they affect that individuals fate in the afterlife
Moksha In Hinduism, the escape from the cycle of rebirth
Dharma In Hinduism,the religious and moral duties of an individual
Yoga A series of physical and mental exercises that teaches people hot to focus their bodies and minds
Jainism A religion of India, founded about the same time as Buddhism, practice non-violence, renounce worldly things, and embrace self-discipline
Ahimsa In Jainism, nonviolence and respect for all living things
Buddhism The religious founded by Siddhartha Gautama, teaches the Four Noble Truths and following the the Eightfold Path
Buddha Founder of Buddhism, also known as Siddhartha Gautama; He gave up precisely life to search for truth and enlightenment
Four Noble Truths In Buddhism, the guidelines that are essence of the Buddha's teaching: that life is suffering, that desires cause suffering, relieve suffering, to relieve is to follow the Eightfold Path
Eightfold Path The Middle Way and part of the Four Noble Truths that the Buddha taught as the means to nirvana or enlightenment
Nirvana In Buddhism, the release from the world and the achievement of peace and enlightenment
Middle Way Basic Buddhist teachings of the Eightfold Path; it devises people to live in moderation , avoiding the extremes of either comfort or discomfort in the search for nirvana
Loess Fine yellowish soil blown from the desert region
Court A gathering of Nobles around a Monarch
Oracle Bones Inscribed animal bones used to predict the future
Mandate of Heaven The Chinese belief that royal authority is the result of divine approval
Dynastic Cycle The rise and fall of the Chinese Dynasties
Confucianism A belief system based on the teachings of Chinese Philosopher Confucius that stressed treating one another humanely and honoring one's family
Daoism A system of ideas and beliefs based on the teachings of Chinese thinker Loazi, who belied that people should live simple, honest life and not interfere with the course of natural events
Created by: evelynguillen