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W. Hist - Topic 10

W. History - Topic 10 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
humanism an intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics
humanist someone who studies subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome
patron a person who provides financial support for the arts
perspective artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings a three-dimensional effect
engraving art form in which an artist etches a design on a metal plate with acid and then uses the plate to make multiple prints
vernacular everyday language of ordinary people
utopian idealistic or visionary, usually used to describe a perfect society
indulgence in the Roman Catholic Church, pardon for sins committed during a person's lifetime
diet assembly or legislature
predestination Calvinist belief that God long ago determined who would gain salvation
theocracy government run by religious leaders
sect a subgroup of a major religious group
canonize recognize a person as a saint
compromise an agreement in which each side makes concessions; an acceptable middle ground
ghetto separate section of a city where members of a minority group are forced to live
heliocentric based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
hypothesis an unproved theory accepted for the purposes of explaining certain facts or to provide a basis for further investigation.
scientific method careful, step-by-step process used to confirm findings and to prove or disprove a hypothesis
gravity force that pulls objects in Earth’s sphere to the center of Earth
calculus a branch of mathematics in which calculations are made using special symbolic notations, developed by Isaac Newton
Created by: brittlloyd