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World of Islam

Unit III: World of Islam

nomad a person who moves from place to place rather than settling permanently
oasis desert area that contains water
clan families of people related by blood or marriage
Allah Arabic word for God
monotheism a belief in one God
pilgrimage a journey to a sacred place or shrine
Islam a religion based upon the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad
Muslim a believer in Islam
Hijrah Muhammad's migration from Mecca to (Yathrib) Medina
Qu'ran the Muslim holy book
Sunnah teachings and practices of Muhammad used as guides for living
mosque Muslim house of worship
caliph secular and religious head of a Muslim community
Shi'a branch of Islam that resisted the rule of the Umayyads
Sunni branch of Islam that followed customary practices and traditions, accepted the elected caliphs as rightful successors of Muhammad, and did not resist the Umayyads
Iberian Peninsula southwestern tip of Europe; present location of Spain and Portugal
bureaucracy system of government in which a network of departments and agencies carries out the administrative work
Abd al-Malik seventh century caliph who imposed a common language and currency
standing army a fighting force that is maintained in times of peace as well as times of war
Baghdad capital of Abbasid Empire
golden age period in which a country or culture is at its peak
calligraphy art of fine handwriting
Omar Khayyam master of the poetic form called the quatrain, popular in Persia
faction opposing group within a party
al-Andalus Muslim Spain
Cordoba Capital of Muslim Spain (al-Andalus)
Abd al-Rahman III eighth emir of al-Andalus and first caliph of Cordoba
mercenary a soldier paid to fight
Created by: mrsnorris