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Pre-AP History

Unit 1 Study Q&A Discovery

TermDefinition
Primary source First hand account
Irrigation System that supplies dry land with water through ditched, pipes, or streams.
Secondary source Second hand account
Historical bias Emotional judgement, unreasoned
artifact An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
decade 10 yrs
century 100 yrs
millenium 1000 yrs
Prehistory Period of time before written records.
Julian Calendar 365 days; leap yr every 4th; lose 1 day every 100 yrs
Gregorian Calendar 365 days; leap yr every 4th; lose 1 day every 1000 yrs
B.C./BCE Before Christ/Before Common Era
A.D./CE After Death/Common Era
GRAPES (what does each letter stand for?) G-Geography; R-Religious; A-Achievements; P-Politics; E-Economic; S-Social Structure
Paleolithic Greek: Old Stone; 2.5-1.5 million yrs ago -- 8000 BCE; Invented fire, stone tools, cave paintings, and spoken language; Gender Equality; relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age.
Technology An ability gained by the practical use of knowledge.
Ice Ages A time when glaciers covered much of the Earth.
Nomad People who move from place to place as a group to find food for themselves.
Neolithic Revolution Agricultural Revolution, creation of agriculture
Neolithic Age Greek: New Stone; 8000-4000 BCE; Invented agriculture, domestication, surplus, civilization, CAARS; relating to the latest Stone Age.
Domestication To adapt an animal to living with humans for the advantage of humans.
Specialization Act of training for a particular job.
How do historians study history? How can they ensure they are recording the truth? Historians use primary sources and secondary sources to study history. They ensure they are recording the truth by using the least biased source.
What factors can lead to historical bias? Ex. Politics, Religion, social status, age, gender/sexuality, nationality/race, culture, education/knowledge, etc.
GRAPES - understand not only what each letter stands for, but what each category entails (for example, achievements include technology, scientific and mathematic advancements, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, writing, and inventions). G(features, present day location, & complications); R(holy books, beliefs, religious moral, & burial practices); A(Ideas/Inventions/Art); P(leaders, government, wars); E(money, business, trade goods, trade partners); S(family, gender, class, lifestyle)
Early Migrations: Where humans originated, how and why they migrated. Homo Erectus originated from Africa to Eurasia 1 million yrs; Homo Sapiens originated from Africa to Eurasia 200,000 yrs ago
Compare and contrast Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras (food, shelter, lifestyle, changing gender and social roles). Differences: Paleolithic; Hunters and Gatherers; Neolithic; Civilizations and specialization
Significance of Neolithic Revolution - advantages and disadvantages. Advantages: Surpluses, CAARS, agriculture, & domestication Disadvantages: less equality for women and diversity between race, etc.
Early civilizations: examples and what makes a civilization? (CAARS) C-Complex institutions, A-Advanced technology, A-Advanced cities, R-Records, S-Specialization
Significance of a written law code. Having a written law code allows people to know what not to do and the government cannot make up fake laws.
GRAPES of Mesopotamia G-There are two rivers, Tigris and Euphrates; R-Believed in7 gods; A-invented the wheel, plow, irrigation, and cunieform; P-Ruled by kings; E-Trade and commerce because farmers learned to irrigate their land; S-Kings, Priest, Scribes, Farmers, and Slaves.
Advantages and disadvantages of Mesopotamia’s geography. Advantages: In the Fertile Crescent, and between two rivers; Disadvantages: unpredictable flooding, and unpredictable droughts
Inventions and government of Sumer. Inventions: The wheel, plow, irrigation, and cuneiform; Government: One king per city-state, one priest per city-state
Know about each empire AND the correct chronology: Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Chaldean, Persian Akkadian-First empire, King Sargon; Babylonian-King Nebuchadnezzar, richest city, complex irrigation; Assyrian-Powerful military, large empire, provinces; Chaldean-Taken over by Persians but kept their culture; Persian-Royal Road, Postal system
Contributions of the Phoenicians The Phoenicians were famous for ship building, purple dye, blowing glass, and an alphabet that was slightly different from ours.
Babylon: Who made it the richest city in the world? How was he able to do this? King Nebuchadnezzar made it the richest city in the world by making huge bricks surrounding the city and having soldiers watch the city. He also created hanging gardens for his wife.
Created by: 23ayre