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Chapter 2

TermDefinition
Fertile Crescent a region of rich farmland for the Mesopotamians
Mesopotamia the area in between Tigris and Euphrates
Ziggurat a Sumerian temple made of sun-dried brick that was made for a chief or god
City-State a unit that includes a city or town and the surrounding land is controlled by it.
Polytheism the belief of more than one god
Dynasty a family of rulers whom right is hereditary and is passed down
Cuneiform Sumerian writing
Sargon he was the King of Akkad and was considered the founder of Mesopotamia
Hammurabi he was the King of Babylonia and is known for the his uniform code of the 282 laws
Indo-Europeans a group of semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian sub-continent
Steppes arid grasslands
Nebuchadnezzar II was the Chaldean of king of Babylon for 67 years and rebuilt it into a beautiful city
Judism a monotheistic religon
Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible the most sacred of the Jewish faith
Abraham according to the Bible he was the originator of the Jewish line of decent
Covenant a binding agreement
Patriarch an ancestral father of Judaism
Cyrus the Great he was the King of Persia and the founder of the Persian Empire
Darius I was known for restrengthening the system and reorganizing the Persian Empire as King
Satrap governors of ancient Persia
Xerxes also a King of Persia and his armies invaded Greece but were unfortunately were defeated by Greeks
Zoroaster a religious teacher and founded a religion known as Zorothesism
Dualism the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver he also led people from Egypt back to their home, also known as the Ten Commandments from God
Exodus the escape of Hebrews from Egypt
Diaspora the dispersal of Jews from their homeland
Monotheism the belief of ONE God
Created by: jaqwann001