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WH- Unit 9 Review

Age of Exploration (1450-1750)

TermDefinition
Prince Henry Prince of Portugal who was noted for his promotion of Portuguese voyages of exploration of the West coast of Africa
Treaty of Tordesillas Agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands went to the west of the line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to portugal
Dutch East India Company founded by the dutch in the 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout asia
Colonies land controlled by another nation
Hernando Cortes spanish conquistador who landed in mexico and conquered the aztec empire
Conquistadors spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the americas
Francisco Pizarro spanish conquistador who landed in south america and conquered the Incan empire
Mestizo person mixed of native american and spanish ancestry
Encomienda grant of land made by spain to settlers in the americas, including the right to use native americans as laborers
New France name for france's colonial empire in North America
Jamestown Village in virginia that was the 1st permanent english settlement in north america in 1607
New Netherlands Dutch colony in North America comprising the area along the Hudson River and the lower Delaware River
French and Indian War Conflict between Britain an France for control of the territory in North America
Atlantic Slave Trade Buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Columbian Exchange The global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occured during the European colonization of the Americas
Triangular Trade Transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the Colonies in the Americas
Middle Passage Middle part of the triangular trade voyage that brought captured africans to the west indies, and later to north and south america to be sold as slaves
Capitalism economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make profit
Joint-stock Companies business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
Mercantilism economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Created by: gibsonally