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WH- Unit 7

Renaissance and Reformation (1450 CE- 1750 CE)

TermDefinition
Renaissance A rebirth of European culture the 15-16th centuries that began in the italian city-states, with a spirit of inquiry about the world, a rediscovery of discovery of classical learning, and improvements in painting and architecture.
Secularism A movement that is concerned with wordly rather than spiritual matters.
Humanism A renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements.
Renaissance Man Outstandingly versatile, well-rounded person who performed brilliantly in many different fields
Michelangelo Buonarroti A sculptor and artist during the High Renaissance who created the David sculpture and used fresco painting to complete the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Leonardo Da Vinci A sculptor, inventor, and artist during the High Renaissance who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
Niccolo Machiavelli Politician in Italy who wrote a book "The Prince" that served as a guide book for many kings on how secure and maintain political power
William Shakespeare English poet and playwright who used vernacular (local language not latin) in his works like Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Macbeth
Printing Press Used moveable type to mass produce books which helped to spread the ideas of the Protestant Reformation
Indulgences Pardon releasing a person from the punishments for commiting a sin
Protestant Reformation Movement that began in Germany by Martin Luther in 1517 in which many christians left the catholic church to create their own protestant churches
Martin Luther German monk who criticized the Roman Catholic Church by writing the 95 Theses, or statements of belief attacking church practices
Excommunicated The taking away of a persons right to membership in the catholic church
Protestants Member of the catholic church founded on the principles of rejecting the errors of the catholic church and following the ideas of the reformation
John Calvin began a new protestant church based on the ideas of predestination, faith as the key to salvation, and a strict moral code
Predestination Doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
Henry Vlll King of England in the 16th century who established himself as the head of the Christian Church in England
Catholic Reformation 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation
Council of Trent Meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul lll to rule on doctrine criticized by the protestant reformation
Peace of Augsburg 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German would be decided by its ruler
Created by: gibsonally